What is scalp psoriasis?

When the symptoms of  psoriasis found on scalp , it is called scalp psoriasis.symptoms may affect the whole scalp or only small patches , it may spread to the ears , hairline ,and the neck .

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder,it is a very common skin condition and this condition is characterised by raised ,red and scaly patches and also formation of plagues in the skin .

Psoriasis can spread to any part of the body but it mainly found on 

  • Elbows
  • Knees
  • Back
  • Scalp
  • Abdomen 

 Scalp psoriasis is common in those people who suffering from chronic plaque psoriasis ,scalp psoriasis  affet 50% of chronic plaque psoriasis.

Risk factors

There are some factors which make prone for developing scapl psoriasis 

  • Genetic -if having history of psoriasis in family those people are more prone for developing scalp psoriasis.
  • Some nutritional -some nutritionist says who are obese  with infamamatory factors are likely prone , and person who are senstive for gluten diet .
  • Injury -any injury to scalp such as burn, any cut ,or bruise may increase the risk of psoriasis
  • Stress – it may also play a role in occuring of psoriasis because it affects the immune system
  • Weak immune system– if any person get infection repeated due to compromised immune system are prone for psoriatic arthritis.
  • Smoking – the risk of psoriasis is increased if you smoke it also worsen the condition of psoriasis .
  • Infection – infection also trigger the psoriasis but mainly throat infection from streptococcus ,HIV people are also prone.
  • Medications – certain medications such as indomethacin , used to treat arthritis , and quinidine , a heart medication.


  • Hair loss – due to heavy scaling and excessive scratching lead to noticeable hair loss .
  • Cancer –persons with psoriasis having 15% chances of developing lung cancer ,12 % of  skin cancer 
  • Cardiovascular diseases –persons with severe psoriasis having chances of stroke and heart attack 
  • Eyes disease –some conditions are more likely to develop in psoriatic persons such as conjunctivitis , uveitis ,and blepharitis.
  • Kidney problems-kidney problems are common in chronic psoriatic  patients 
  • liver problems – persons with psoriasis are more prone for developing nonalcoholic fatty liver 

Symptoms & Causes

  • Mild scalp psoriasis appear as fine scaling but severe scalp psoriasis covered the scalp with thick , crusted plague and also spread in large portion of the scalp 
  • Dryness – due to dryness of the scalp skin become cracks and sometimes may bleed .
  • Formation of silvery white -scales in the scalp 
  • Dandruff like flaking – dandruff of scalp psoriasis look like dandruff but there is difference between scalp psoriasis and dandruff  , scalp psoriasis causes silvery sheen and dry scale on the scalp 
  • Itching, burning  , or discomfort in the scalp.
  • Reddish patches which is raised , noticeable , thick , and inflamed  
  • Bleeding from scratching or removing the plaques
  • Temporary hair loss
  • These symptoms mostly found in the scalp but also may extend to neck ,ears , forehead , other parts of the face .


Researchers says the exact cause is unknown but as it is an autoimmune disorder it means it occurs when something goes wrong with the immune system,it occurs when the immune system sends wrong signal to skin cells for multiply quickly.

Normally the process of formation of new cells in the scalp takes time  about a weeks but in case of scalp psoriasis the cells started to form within the days , but the shedding process of dead cell is normal , as a result it leads to difficulty in shedding of excess cells because the rate of shedding of excess cell is slow from the formation of new cells and finally skin cells build up on the surface of the scalp, they form scaly patches.

There  are some triggering factors which play an important role in occuring of scalp psoriasis these include 

  • Skin injuries such as burns  bruise or any cut 
  • Smoking , weakened the immune system 
  • Infection including Skin infection and strep throat , HIV infection make prone for the scalp psoriasis
  • Some medication such as beta-blockers . antimalarial drugs ,and iodides
  • Mental Stress – it also week the immune system 
  • Cold and dry weather – it cause skin dry and worsen the condition
  •  Sleep – lack of sleep also week immunity.
  • Lack of vitamin D
  • Addiction of alcohol 

Diagnosis and treatment

  • Diagnosis is made by physical examination and medical history– in physical examination when doctors examine the scalp , findings are scaly , red -bumpy patches , scales of silvery white colour ,dandruff like flaking .
  • Skin biopsy -small piece of skin is collected and examined under a microscope to rule out other conditions


Conventional treatment are available such as medicated shampoos , coal tar products ,salicylic acid used in prescribed shampoos and soaps , intralesional steroids , or may be some medications given orally 

But in homeopathy psoriasis is well treated and also permanently , it is gentle , safe and permanent .


  • There is a difference between normal dandruff and scalp psoriasis dandruff , so must be carefully removed 
  • Combing and brushing – scalp psoriasis affect the daily activities such as combing and brushing so always comb gently 
  • Clean comb before and after each use to prevent infection .
  • Never peel off or picking the scales because it can aggravate your skin 
  • Keep fingernails clean and short to prevent infection 
  • Take more fluids and prevent dehydration of the skin .
  • Limit consumption of smoking and alcohol
  • Use wet towels , cold packs , or cold water on itchy spots 

Homoeopathic management

But all these treatments temporary and ultimately it suppress the condition but homeopathy can cure the disease from the roots and also remove the symptoms in a gentle manner. That’s why homeopathy treatment is permanent and safe.

Some homeopathy medicines are carcinosin,kali arsenicum ,graphite,mezereum,kali sulphuricum ,arsenic album , sulphur , apis mellifica ,calendula ,

But homeopathy medicine is based on proper case taking so never take medicine without consultation with registered homeopathic practitioner

Do’s and don’ts


  • Use medicated and soft shampoos
  • Use any herbal conditioner because it prevent your scalp from further dryness
  • Wash hair on alternates days 
  • Maintain hygiene of the nails and body 
  • Maintain a healthy diet and weight 
  • Drink lots of water and keep hydrated 
  • Keep combs and hats personally don’t share 


  • Avoid shampoos which cause dryness on scalp use medicated amd soft shampoos
  • Avoid using of hair dryer because it make scalp dry 
  • Avoid regular washing of hair 
  • Avoid sharing of cap , hair bands , combs etc 
  • Avoid picking of scalp.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol 
  • Avoid diet which contain fat 



Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder of thyroid gland. 

In this disease, your immune system attacks your gland(that is why called autoimmune). Thus the thyroid gland becomes damaged and can’t make enough thyroid hormones(hypothyroidism).

Over time, the ability of the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones often becomes impaired and leads to a gradual decline in function and eventually an underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism).


  • Sex: 8 times more common in women than men.
  • Age:more often appears between ages 40 to 60.
  • Genetics:Your chance of developing Hashimoto’s disease increases if other family members have the disease.
  • If you are suffering from any other autoimmune condition (such as diabetes type I, addison’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis etc.)
  • Smoking cigarettes and sedentary lifestyle are also contributory factors in Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.


Low levels of thyroid hormones can contribute to high cholesterol that can lead to heart disease  

Severe untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidism in which the body’s functions  gets very slow and it becomes a life-threatening condition.

Untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy can lead to:

  • preeclampsia— ( high blood pressure in late pregnancy)
  • anemia
  • miscarriage
  • low birthweight
  • stillbirth
  • congestive heart failure

These problems occur most often with severe hypothyroidism.

Thyroid hormones are important to baby’s brain and nervous system development. Untreated hypothyroidism (especially during the first trimester) can cause low IQ and problems with normal development.



  • Many people with Hashimoto’s disease have no symptoms at first. As the disease slowly progresses, the thyroid gland gets larger in size and may cause the front of the neck to look swollen(goiter). It can cause a feeling of fullness in throat and mostly its not painful

 After many years, or even decades, damage to the thyroid causes it to shrink and the goiter to disappear.

  • weight gain
  • tiredness
  • paleness or puffiness of the face
  • joint and muscle pain
  • constipation
  • inability to get warm or cold intolerance
  • difficulty getting pregnant
  • hair loss or thinning
  • irregular or heavy menstrual periods
  • Depression, memory problems
  • slowed heart rate


The exact cause of Hashimoto thyroiditis is not known yet like any other autoimmune condition.

When your thyroid gland comes under attack from malfunctioning immune cells, it impairs your thyroid’s ability to make thyroid hormone and eventually an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism.

 Some of the triggering factors are- stress, pregnancy, parturition(giving birth) and smoking cigarettes.



  • The diagnosis of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can be made when patients present with symptoms of hypothyroidism, often accompanied by a goiter (enlarged thyroid gland) on physical examination.
  •  Laboratory testing of hypothyroidism which is- an elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) with or without a low thyroid hormone (Free T4 levels). 
  • TPO antibody is elevated.


Conventional treatment for Hashimoto’s disease involve hormone replacement therapy in which a synthetic hormone is used to replace the low thyroid hormone levels. Large goiters that do not improve may make it necessary to remove the thyroid gland.


  • Removing food from diet that can trigger immune reactions the disease like artficial sweeteners, fast food, dairy products etc.
  • Adding anti inflammatory products in diet like turmeric, coconut oil, fresh fruits, vegetables andprobiotics can help in moderating immune responses.
  • Stress management: as it can trigger or worsen the disease’s symptoms.
  • Sleeping everyday for 7-9 hrs tends to boost our system.
  • Choose your diet wisely as hypothyroidism makes you gain weight.


Homeopathic medicines can help manage symptoms of hashimoto thyroiditis and can also help reduce the intensity and frequency of the symptoms. Some of the most common homoeopathic medicines used for treatment of hashimoto thyroiditis are- Sepia, natrum mur, graphitis, iodum, bromium, thyroidinum, calcarea carb etc.These medicines can be taken only after consulting a registered homoeopathic doctor.



  • eating healthy food,
  •  getting plenty of sleep,
  •  exercising regularly and
  •  drink an adequate amount of water each day



  • Goitrogens(that cause goitre) common in cruciferous vegetables such as: cauliflower,cabbage and broccoli
  • Stress
  • Watch your weight.



Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure ,in this condition blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.

Blood pressure measures how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping.

Hypertension is quite a common condition .

Types of hypertension

  • Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension.

This type of hypertension develops gradually and no exact cause behind this but some triggering factors which cause primary hypertension.

  • Secondary hypertension 

This type of hypertension due to underlying cause in body.

Risk factors 

Risk factors for essential and secondary high blood pressure include:

  • Age– the risk factors of high blood pressure increase as a person becomes older because the blood vessels become less flexible.
  • Family history- persons having a family history of hypertension are very prone for hypertension.
  • Ethnic background– african-american people have a higher risk of developing hypertension than others.
  • Obesity and being overweight– obese persons are more likely to develop high blood pressure.
  • Sex– more common in adult male more than female.
  • Physical inactivity-lack of exercise and having a sedentary lifestyle raises the risk of hypertension.
  • Alcohol intake- excessive intake of alcohol can also raise the risk of hypertension.
  • Using tobacco- smoking,chewing tobacco or in any form of tobacco.
  • Poor diet-diet in which amount of fats and salts are leads to high risk of hypertension.
  • High cholesterol– a diet contain lots of unhealthy fat can cause cholesterol to build up in the arteries.
  • Mental stress– stress have a severe impact on blood pressure,especially in chronic can occur as a result of both socioeconomic and psychosocial factors.
  • Diabetes -people with diabetes have a higher risk of developing hypertension.
  • Pregnancy-pregnant women have a higher risk of developing hypertension.
  • Sleep apnea – this sleep disorder,which causes people to stop breathing while asleep,might also lead to hypertension.
  • Certain chronic conditions-such as kidney disease,diabetes,
  • Certain defects-congenital defects in blood vessels
  • Certain medications-such as birth control pills,cold remedies,over the counter pain reliever


  • Heart attack 
  • Aneurysm
  • Heart failure
  • Vision loss
  • Kidney failure
  • Brain stroke

Symptoms & Causes

Most people with high blood pressure will not experience any symptoms. People often call hypertension “silent killer” for this reason.

Whenever the blood pressure reaches about 180/120mm,which is a medical emergency. At this stage,symptoms will show such as:

  • Headache 
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Dizziness
  • Nosebleeds
  • Heart palpitations
  • breathlessness


The exact cause is unknown but there are many factors which increase the risk of hypertension. These factors causes narrowing of arteries and increase the risk of heart diseases.

Diagnosis and treatment


Hypertension doesn’t need any lab investigation it just requires only measuring blood pressure from sphygmomanometer.


Treatment for hypertension are antihypertensive,diuretics,beta-blockers and alpha-blockers,calcium-channel,vasodilators,angiotensin receptors blockers.but all these medicines having side effects and also temporary .thus homeopathy medicine are safe and effective.

Management of hypertension

  • Reducing mental stress
  • Medical management-monitoring of bp and maintain normal blood pressure
  • Diet management

Homoeopathy management of hypertension

There are some medicines like rauwolfia,argentum nitricum,calcarea carb,glonoinum,natrum mur,phosphorus.

Homeopathy treatment is recommended because it not only can lower and stabilize blood pressure,it also has a positive effect on overall health.

But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath.

Do’s and don’ts


  • Eating more fruits,  vegetables,whole grains,lean protein like fish
  • Being physically active on a regular basis
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Manage stress
  • Find and treat the underlying cause


  • Reducing salt intake
  • Avoid use of tobacco
  • Stop taking alcohol
  • Stop smoking
  • Limit intake of foods high in saturated fats.
  • Reduce intake of sweets
  • Reduce trans fats in diet



Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder. 

It is a disease that is passed down through families and is caused by a genetic mutation.

In a healthy person, mucus that lines organs and body cavities(like respiratory and digestive tract) is slippery and watery. In people who have CF, thick mucus clogs the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Blocking the ducts in the pancreas causes problems with digesting food, so it gets difficult to absorb nutrients from food.

Other organs that are affected by CF are the liver, sinuses, intestines and sex organs. CF is a chronic (long-lasting) and progressive (getting worse over time) condition.

It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children and young adults


  • Race: mostly seen in caucasians(europeans). It is extremely rare in India.
  • Sex: CF is diagnosed in males and females equally.
  • Genetics: occurs in a child when both parents have the defective gene.


Damaged airways, chronic lung infections, nasal polyps, haemoptysis, respiratory failure, diabetes, intestinal obstruction, thinning of bones(osteoporosis) etc.



CF symptoms vary from person to person.

Symptoms often appear in infancy and childhood such as bowel obstruction due to meconium ileus in newborns.

A person with mild disease may be asymptomatic or symptoms may appear once in a while or they may occur regularly.

Children who have CF have the following symptoms:

  • Failure to thrive (inability to gain weight despite having a good appetite and taking in enough calories)
  • Loose or oily stools
  • Trouble breathing
  • Recurrent wheezing
  • Frequent lung infections (recurrent pneumonia or bronchitis)
  • Recurrent sinus infections
  • A nagging cough
  • Slow growth


  • Impaired digestion and absorption of proteins, carbohydrates and fat.
  • Diabetes mellitus I
  • Salty sweat
  • clubbing(rounded fingernails)
  • Intestinal obstruction, rectal prolapse.
  • Genitourinary problems (male and female infertility)


  • Salt depletion
  • Nasal polyps
  • Sinusitis
  •  Rectal prolapse
  •  Pancreatitis
  •  Cholelithiasis
  •  Insulin dependent diabetes(type I)



On coming first to the doctor, patient’s medical history is taken. Patients general health is observed accompanied by a thorough physical examination.

Lab tests that help in diagnosing CF : 

  • Sweat test- sweat chloride value will be more than 60mEq/l
  • Genetic test- direct examination of DNA molecule of affected child
  • Chest X ray- lung fibrosis and scarring can be seen.
  • Sinus X ray: sinus X-rays can confirm CF in patients who show certain symptoms. 
  • Sputum culture: Certain bacteria, such as pseudomonas, are most commonly found in people who have CF.


Conventional treatment  mainly includes antibiotics, decongestants, bronchodilators and mucolytics. Physical therapy and exercises are also helpful.


  • Preventing and controlling lung infections.
  • Loosening and removing thick sticky mucus from respiratory passages.
  • Preventing and treating blockage of intestines
  • Providing enough nutrition and preventing dehydration.


It is vital that people with CF receive appropriate treatments to enable them to live longer, healthier lives. Homoeopathic medicines for cystic fibrosis is selected based on indivdualisation of case and symptom similarity. Some common remedies are: aconite, bryonia, belladonna, calcarea carb, kali sulph, hepar sulph etc.

For final treatment and remedy selection in each case, you should consult a qualified homoeopathic doctor.



  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Eat nutritious food with plenty of fluids.
  • Take probiotics to get help with digestive issues
  • Exercise regularly as it will help you with your general health, make your lungs and heart muscles stronger as well as loosen the mucus in airways.


  • Avoid polluted air, wear masks when going outside.
  • Maintain proper hygiene to avoid getting new infections.
  • Avoid smoke, pollen, strong odors and mold whenever possible. These irritants can make symptoms worse. 


What is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is a digestive , autoimmune genetic disorder affecting both adults and children this condition is triggered by consuming a protein called gluten,gluten is complex protein found in some foods substance like barley,rye and wheat .

Any person with celiac disease eats anything which contain gluten ,their body overreact to the protein as a result it damage the villi ,which are small finger like  projections found along the small intestine

Absorption through the small intestine is affected due to injured small intestine as a result nutrients from the small intestine not fully absorbed this can lead to malabsorption, due to malabsorption it cause various problems  such as loss of bone density,miscarrige ,infertility ,even some time it also lead to neurological diseases 

In children,malabsorption can affect the growth and in adult is cause symptoms

Celiac disease also known as 

  1. celic spur 
  2. non-tropical sprue
  3. and gluten sensitive enteropathy 

Risk factors

  • Family history -celiac disease run in families ,the chance of developing celiac disease increase if people with first- degree relatives with celiac disease (parents,child,siblings) have a 1 in 10 risk of developing  or having a history of dermatitis herpetiformis.
  • Genetic disorder -people who suffer from other autoimmune disorders are more prone for developing celiac disease, some autoimmune disorders  such as lupus,rheumatoid arthritis ,type 1 diabetes,thyroid disorder,addison’s disease ,sjogren’s syndrome ,down syndrome,turner syndrome,lactose intolerance,autoimmune liver diseases
  • Environmental factors – when you have a family history still you consume gluten rich diet ,others are smoking , sedentary lifestyle make prone for it .


If the celiac remain untreated it leads to certain types of cancer such as

Intestinal,lymphoma and adenocarcinoma of the small intestines ,of pharynx and of the oesophagus. In children if remain untreated it lead to small height

Symptoms & Causes

symptoms can vary from person to person and it depends upon various factors such as

  • Breastfeeding -the length of time a person was breastfed ,as symptoms tend to appear later in those who were breastfed for longer
  • Age -the age someone strained eating gluten Amount -at what amount gluten is consum
  • Severity -the severity of intestinal damage

There is difference between symptoms of adults and children

Digestive symptoms of an adults;  adults are  ;less likely to have digestive symptoms with only -third experiencing diarrhoea.celiac disease can cause inflammation in the digestive tract ,and the nutrient not absorbed fully  which may lead to many digestive symptoms 

  • Abdominal pain 
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Heartburn
  • Bloating and gasDiarrhoea
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Constipation 
  • Cramps
  • Cankers sores inside the mouth
  • Tooth discoloration or loss of enamel

Other symptoms in adults are: majority of these symptoms occur due to lack of nutrients in tour body 

  • Unexplained iron deficiency anaemia 
  • Vitamins and mineral deficiencies
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Pancreatic insufficiency
  • Gallbladder malfunction
  • Bone or joint pain 
  • Arthritis 
  • Fatigue
  • Osteoporosis or osteopenia (bones become weak and brittles )
  • Liver and biliary tract disorder(fatty liver,primary sclerosing cholangitis,etc)
  • Depression ,anxiety
  • Peripheral neuropathy (tingling,numbness,or pain in the hands and feet)
  • Seizures or migraine
  • Infertility or miscarrige 
  • Irregular menses
  • irritability during menses

Skin disorder

 Dermatitis herpetiformis in this symptoms  itchy skin rashes made up of bumps and blisters, it may develop on the elbows,buttocks, and knees.

Symptoms in Children 

  • Nausea and Vomiting 
  • Pale ,fatty,foul -smelling stools
  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Gas
  • Swollen belly
  • Bloating feeling
  • Failure to thrive
  • Delayed puberty
  • Short stature


The exact cause is unknown which exactly triggers celiac disease ,but it  autoimmune genetic disorder so some factors as i described above make the persons susceptible to develop celiac disease .the chances of developing celiac disease increase when changes occur in genes , or variants ,certain gene variants and other factors,such as environmental factors can lead to celiac disease.

 Diagnosis and treatment


  • Blood test -blood test include screened for antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptide(TTG)  and sometimes antigliadin and endomysium antibodies
  • To confirm the celiac disease doctors recommended various tests such as CBC,liver function test,cholesterol test,alkaline phosphatase level test
  • Serum albumin test
  • Skin and small intestine biopsy also recommended 
  • If the blood report or skin biopsy is negative then endoscopy is done to check out the status of villi is it damage or not 


Conventionally and currently treatment of celiac disease is adherence to a strict gluten free diet ,

For  deficiency of vitamins and minerals doctors may prescribe some supplements.

If patient having skin rash ,medication for the skin rashes is recommended

All these treatments are conventional  not permanent so homeopathic medicine are safe,effective and permanent. 


The only effective management of the diseases is to manage gluten free diet 

  • Avoid all the foods which contain gluten such as  pasta ,bread cakes pies,crackers,cookies,beer,sauces,gravies
  • Take healthy gluten free diet such as eggs ,meat, dairy products ,fruits,vegetables ,nuts , legumes,healthy fats,herbs and spices.
  • Some people also facing lactose intolerance so avoid lactose diet

Homeopathic management

Homeopathy medicines will you in reducing the symptoms and also improve your immunity to fight with the conditions some medicine such as

Natrum sulph , china ,lyco ,arsenic album,kali carb,carbo veg, sulphur

But  It is important to take these remedies only after consulting a registered homoeopath 

Do’s and don’ts


  • Non-cereals such as amaranth,quinoa,or buckwheat are harmless so should add in diet ,
  • Potato and banana and garbanzo beans they do not contain gluten and not trigger symptoms 
  • Keep hydrated ,drinks lots of water
  • Add fruits and vegetables in your diet
  • Do exercise daily


  • Avoid all the food contains gluten
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Avoid processed food
  • Avoid spicy and oily food
  • Avoid mental stress



It is a chronic disease of brain and spinal cord in which the protective coverings(myelin sheath) of nerve gets damaged, which leads to decreased function in the brain and spinal cord.

This destruction of covering leads to scar tissue formation. The inflammation and scar tissue disturbs the signals between your brain and other parts of your body, causing various types of symptoms.


  • Sex: Females tend to get this disease about three times as often as males, a rate  which is similar to other immune diseases.
  • Race: It is more common in Caucasians, but can occur in other populations.


If you have mobility issues, falling may put you at an increased risk of bone fractures. Having other conditions such as arthritis and osteoporosis can complicate matters. It can also lead to anxiety or depression.



The onset of symptoms may be sudden or gradual.

The course can be relapsing or progressive(getting worse with time).

Sensory symptoms(sensations) –

  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Other abnormal sensations(pins & needles pricking)
  • Visual disturbances
  • Dizziness

Motor Symptoms(changes in muscle action)

  • Weakness
  • Difficulty walking
  • Tremor
  • Bowel/Bladder problems
  • Poor coordination
  • Stiffness

Vision symptoms:

  • Blurring of vision
  • Double vision

Other symptoms: heat sensitivity, facial weakness, vertigo, fatigue, depression etc.

The most common earliest presenting features of multiple sclerosis are temporary sensory defects followed by visual disturbances.


Cause of multiple sclerosis is still unknown. It is an autoimmune disorder.

It means your immune system whose function is to protect the body mistakenly starts attacking the body tissues itself.



Following tests help in diagnosis of multiple sclerosis:

  • neurological exam: to check for impaired nerve function.
  • eye exam: to evaluate vision and check for eye diseases.
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): a technique that uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to create cross-sectional images of the brain and spinal cord.
  • spinal tap (lumbar puncture): a long needle is inserted into spine to remove a sample of fluid circulating around brain and spinal cord.


Conventional treatment typically focuses on speeding recovery from attacks, slowing the progression of the disease and managing symptoms, for this corticosteroids and muscle relaxants are used.


  • Regular exercise .
  • A well-balanced diet, low in empty calories and high in nutrients and fiber.


Several homeopathic remedies are recommended for people with MS, depending on the individual and their symptoms.  These include Plumbum metallicum, Aurum muriaticum, physostigma, gelsemium, oxalic acid, picric acid, argentum nitricum etc.



  • Eat a well balanced and healthy diet.
  •  Do stretching exercises regularly.


  • Avoid tobacco in all forms.
  • Avoid  unnecessary stress.



 It ia an autoimmune condition of thyroid gand .

(autoimmune means our immune system mistakenly starts attacking our own body tissues).

It causes overproduction of thyroid hormones from thyroid gland more in amounts than the body needs(hyperthyroidism).

Hormones released by the thyroid gland help keep the body’s metabolism running at the right rate. The more hormones it releases, the more quickly metabolism runs.Hence graves disease speeds up the metabolism of body.


  • Age: commonly occurs below age of 40 years.
  • Sex: more often seen in women than men.
  • A person suffering from any other autoimmune condition(such as vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, crohn’s disease, diabetes type 1) are more likely to be affected.
  • Cigarette smoking: It increases the risk many folds especially the eye symptoms.
  • Genetic: A family history of Graves’ disease increases the chance of developing the condition


Untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to-

  • Thyroid storm, a life-threatening condition caused by too much thyroid hormone that suddenly increases your heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature to dangerously high levels. 
  • Heart problems, such as irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and heart failure.
  • It can speed up bone loss that can lead to osteoporosis. 

Bone loss after menopause raises a woman’s risk for weak and fragile bones that fractures easily. 

  • Problems during pregnancy for mother as well as the baby.

In during pregnancy it can leads to heart failure, pre-eclampsia(high blood pressure during pregnancy), prematue birth of baby, miscarriage or abruptio placenta(early detachment of placenta from uterine wall).

In  fetus or baby it can cause some serious conditions such as-  low birth weight, fast heart rate, stillbirth, any birth defect, thyroid dysfunction etc.

  • It may also cause emotional liability (such as uncontrollable crying or laughing), depression, and mental or physical weakness.



  • Increased sweating
  • Heat intolerance
  • Weight loss (without change in diet)
  • Nervousness
  • Hand tremors
  • Changes in menstrual cycle
  • Erectile dysfunction and reduced libido
  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
  • Graves’ dermopathy(thick reddish skin on the shins) (rarely seen)
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland (called goiter)
  • Heart failure
  • Red eyes
  • Bulging of eyes
  • Swelling around eyes
  • Diarrhoea
  • Difficulty in sleeping


The exact cause behind graves disease is not known yet. 

Sometimes the immune system can be tricked into making antibodies that acts against our own cells. In many cases these antibodies can cause destruction of those cells. In Graves’ disease these antibodies (called TRAb or TSI) do the opposite – they make the cells do extra work . The antibodies in Graves’ disease stimulate these cells to produce extra thyroid hormones. This results in an overactive thyroid.

Any viral/bacterial infection, stress or giving birth can also act as a triggering factor. 



Diagnosis is based on symptoms and family history. Some tests that can be useful are:

  • blood tests for T3, T4 and TSH: high levels of T3 and T4 hormones and a very low level of TSH are indications of Graves’ disease.
  • thyroid scan
  • radioactive iodine uptake test: patient consumes a small quantity of radioactive iodine by liquid or capsule. Once swallowed, the iodine collects in the thyroid.
  • thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) test: TSI is a type of antibody measured from the blood sample. It binds to various tissues in body and causes swelling.
  • Testing TPO levels: TPO measures the level of thyroid peroxidase antibodies. If you have those antibodies in your blood, it suggests that the immune system has attacked the thyroid.


Under conventional treatment, the three treatment options available for people with Graves’ disease are anti-thyroid drugs, radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy or thyroid surgery.


  • Exercise: Brittle bones also can occur with Graves’ disease, and weight-bearing exercises can help maintain bone density.
  • Wear compression socks in cases of dermatopathy.
  • Wear sunglasses as protruded eyes has tendency to absorb more UV rays when exposed to sunlight.

Try to avoid/ limit intake of –

  • Iodised salt: he thyroid takes up iodine easily, eating too much can make hyperthyroid symptoms worse. 
  • Caffeine: Foods that contain caffeine—coffee, soda, tea, and chocolate—can aggravate Graves’ disease symptoms, such as anxiety, nervousness, rapid heart rate, and weight loss. 
  • Food allergens: If you have a food allergy—even if it’s a mild food allergy—you may want to avoid that food to lessen any adverse effects. 
  • Stress and smoking: As it can trigger or elevate the symptoms of graves disease.


Homeopathic constitutional treatment for Grave’s disease works by acting on the immune system. It also helps with the symptomatic management of the disease. Medicines in Grave’s disease reduces the intensity and frequency of the symptoms and eventually treat the disorder without any side effects.

Some homeopathic medicines commonly used to treat Grave’s disease are Iodum, Spongia Tosta, Bromium, Natrum Mur and Kali Iodatum.



  • Do exercise regularly.
  • Wear compression socks.
  • Wear sunglasses when exposed to sunrays.
  • Take healthy nutritious diet with plenty of fluids.


Try to avoid/ limit intake of –

  • Iodised salt
  • Caffeine
  • Food allergens 
  • Stress and smoking


What is polycystic kidney disease (PKD)?

Polycystic kidney is genetic, so it is inherited from the parents,in this condition there is formation of many fluid filled sacs called cysts in the kidney , as a result kidney become enlarge primarily and finally it derange the function of kidney.

Risk factors

  • People who affected from frequently and severe kidney infection
  • Sex – male are more prone for the polycystic kidney disease
  • Race- black racial background are more prone for this condition
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Chronic hypertension- people with uncontrollable high blood pressure are also prone 
  • Several episodes of gross hematuria- any reason which cause blood in urine in repeated episodes
  • Large kidney- if the kidney becomes enlarged due to any pathological condition it also lead to PKD


  • High blood pressure -the most common complication is high blood pressure if this raised blood pressure remain untreated it leads to further damage and may cause kidney failure and increase the risk of heart disease and stroke
  • Pregnancy -due to high blood pressure in affected females before pregnancy ,at the time pregnancy affected female may develop complication called preeclampsia(high blood pressure during pregnancy it lead to severe swelling in legs and feet )
  • Liver and pancreas  -formation of cyst in liver and other problems in liver may develop it is a major cause of liver failure, cyst may also form in the pancreas,
  • Kidney stone-kidney stone form when too much of certain minerals in your accumulate in your urine and this happen due to kidney insufficiency because kidney not work properly in PKD
  • Bleeding or bursting of cyst -if the PKD remain untreated and the size of cyst increases with the time it may burst 
  • Colon problems-diverticulosis formed in colon,it means a  pouches and sacs are developed in the colon it is developed due to infection and inflammation of the colon and also lead to weakness of colon
  • Brain aneurysm- balloon-like bulging occur occur in blood vessels,it may bleed if it ruptures.people with PKD are more prone for development aneurysm

Symptoms & Causes

Majority of the persons not getting symptoms if the cyst is less than 0.5inches but if the cyst size increase  it cause various symptoms such as

 symptoms are

  • Pain or tenderness in the abdomen
  • Blood in urine
  • Frequent Urination
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Kidney stone
  • Pain or heaviness in the back
  • Skin become pale
  • Pain in joints
  • Nail abnormalities
  • High blood pressure
  • Headache 
  • The size of abdomen increase due enlarged kidney
  • Pain in both sides of the abdomen

If the baby born with the PKD

  • Swollen belly
  • High blood pressure 
  • Breathing problem
  • Vomiting of breast milk 
  • Problems in growth of baby


As we know it is a genetic disease so it run in family and inherited from parents ,rarely it is caused by genetic mutations suddenly 

PKD  is generally inherited,it is less common PKD occurs with serious kidney problems .

Types of PKD

There are three types of pkd 

  • Autosomal dominant ADPKD (also called adult PKD)-in this type of pkd symptoms appear at the age of 30 and 40 that’s why this type also called adult PKD ,this disease is occur if one parent have PKD ,and only one affected parent is required to transmit the disease to child 

If one parent is suffering from PKD then each child has a 50% chance of developing pkd. This type is very common among all type 

  • Autosomal recessive PKD -this type is less common , in this typy the symptoms appear shortly after birth ,even in worm also .both parents are required to pass the  abnormal genes.if both parents carry abnormal genes ,each child has a 25% chance of developing the disease 
  • Acquired cystic kidney disease- This type is not inherited so it is related to chronic condition of kidney means people who have kidney problems from long time those people are prone for developing acquired cystic kidney disease

Diagnosis and treatment


  • ADPKD and  ARPKD both are inherited so your family history are very important for making diagnosis
  • Medical history is also important to rule out any previous medical conditions
  • Imaging test – all three types of PKD require imaging test to know the status of kidney and liver such as
  • Abdominal ultrasound- this test help in finding of cyst in kidney
  • Abdominal CT scan – this test is done for detecting smaller cyst in the kidneys
  • Abdominal MRI -this test is also use to know the size of the kidneys and also for looking cysts.
  • DNA -. DNA study also done to make diagnosis


The main aim of the treatment is to manage the symptoms and also prevents from complications

Conventional treatment for polycystic kidney disease are painkillers, medicine for high blood pressure , antibiotics for UTI,some doctors also give diuretics to remove excess fluid from the body

If the kidney become failure then dialysis is recommended by the doctor for saving life  

Surgery- sometimes kidney transplant also require in emergency condition


Management of PKD are very important because it has no permanent cure only symptomatic relief are possible

  • Keep your blood pressure in normal range 
  • Take salt restricted diet 
  • Keep healthy blood sugar level
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Stop consuming alcohol or any stimulating agent
  • Stop smoking

Homeopathic management

Homeopathy medicines are also effective in PKD it gives safe and natural treatment , this disease is well managed by homeopathy also prevents further complications

 some medicine are 

Cuprum met,digitalis,glonoine,Kali chloricum, mercurius corrosivus,plumbum, phosphorus,terebinth, cantharis, Belladonna,arsenic album,aurum muriaticum

Do’s and Don’ts


  • Do exercise daily
  • Drink lots of water 
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Eat low salt and low sugar diet
  • Eat green vegetables and fruits
  • Always be cautious for blood pressure and sugar level


  • Avoid stress 
  • Avoid junk food
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Stop alcohol
  • Avoid smoking


What is Tinea capitis?

Tinea capitis is superficial fungal skin infection , it affects mainly scalp , eyebrows , eyelashes and hair shaft . it causes small patches of itchy ,scaly skin of the scalp.

Other name of this condition is ringworm  but it is called ring because the fungal infection form a rings on the scalp with flat center and raised borders,and worm doesn’t really means a worm but a fungal infection.

Risk factors

  • Moist , damp , or unhygienic place – those persons stay in damp ,moist areas are more prone for developing tinea because the growth of the fungi are high in damp , moist and unhygienic conditions  and can easily spread .
  • Communal bath -if the many people share common bathing items such as soaps ,towels ,undergarments it also increase the chance of getting tinea.
  • Overcrowded /or sharing rooms with more person -if the many people share one room and if one person is staying with others the chances getting high to transform others 
  • Age –ring worm is more common in children and toddler because those children are school going get the infection from touch of infected children and this is very common outbreaks .
  • Exposure to pets– sometimes infection also come from infected animals if the children touch the animal who suffer from infection without any signs and symptoms.


  • Kerion -if the tinea capitis remain untreated it leads to inflammation of the scalp with severe pain and formation of pus in the inflammation It appear as soft raised swelling if the pus is drain it form, Thick ,yellow crust on the scalp.
  • Hair fall is a major complication of tinea capitis because it weakens the roots of hair and start to fall.
  • Permanent scarring of the scalp.
  • Permanent bald due to kerion 

Symptoms & Causes

  • Due to infection it causes one or more round patches in scalp
  • Initial the patches are small but gradually it increases in size.
  • The infected area appear reddened , gray and scaly
  • Hair becomes brittle or fragile it lead to easy pulling out of hair 
  • The affected area is painful and tender to touch
  • Itching on the scalp
  • Black spot may be seen due to broken hair leave the space on the scalp
  • Lymph nodes may be swollen due to infection
  • Low grade fever
  • Scalp become dry , scaly
  • Hair matted due to pus


Ringworm is highly contagious infection and easily spread through person to person  , it is a fungal infection and it is caused by dermatophytes(a type of fungi ) .

Fungi are those organisms which lives in dead tissue , such as fingernails ,hair and the outer layer of the skin whenever it gets favourable environment such as moist ,damp or if the immunity becomes weak, it attack the outer layer of skin on the scalp and the hair shaft and cause fungal infection the skin 

How it spread 

  • From contaminated article -ringworm spread when the article used by infected person again contaminated article used by a healthy persons such as combs , bedding , harbands , rubbers ,or any other article .
  • From infected human – Even it is also spread by touching infected skin by  skin of healthy persons while playing , it is common in school going children.
  • From infected animals – if the infected animals is come in contact while playing with the healthy people it also spread .

Diagnosis and treatment

It does not require any major lab investigation ,only physical examination and history of symptoms are helpful to make diagnosis

During physical examination – round ring found in the scalp, skin appear scaly and also doctor found sign of inflammation such as redness , pain or tenderness ,  are helpful for making diagnosis.

Physician also take a sample of skin or hair to confirm the diagnosis , it confirms the presence of fungus by microscopic examination  .

A wood’s lamp test may be performed to confirm the presence of a fungal scalp infection .

Skin biopsy -biopsy of skin lesion also confirm the diagnosis by microscopic examination or culture


The conventional treatment of tinea is an antifungal medication such as lotions , soaps , creams and shampoos or may be some times antifungal given orally 

But all these treatment is not permanent and safe , they only suppressed the condition , in homeopathy this condition is cured permanently  from the roots and also prevent from further relapses.


  • Always keeping skin clear and dry because moist condition worsen the condition 
  • Regularly shampoo your head it decrease the spread of fungal it help in removing the dust from your hairs 
  • Teach properly about Proper hygiene like washing of hands , never share towels , combs ,hats , brushes, hankies , this is the best way of prevention in children.
  • Prefer airy rooms and avoid sharing beds rooms and bed sheets .
  • Wash the clothes properly with warm water and dry in sunlight .
  • Maintain gap from the infected animals .

Homeopathic management

There are various helpful medicine for tinea capitis it not only remove the symptoms but also help in removing the cause .in this way homeopathy give permanent solutions .but prescription is based on presentation of the case so never take medicine without consulting with registered homeopath practionser, some medicine are 

Sulphur ,rhus tox , mezereum ,arsenic album, arctium lappa ,

Bromium, calcarea carb , mercurius , psorinum.

Do’s and don’ts


  • Maintain hygiene of the body 
  • Always use airy rooms 
  • You can use coconut oil
  • Take healthy diet 
  • Keep hydrated
  • Keep distance from the infected persons and animals


  • Never share personal things such as towels ,combs, hankies, rubber ,bedsheets ,rooms.
  • Avoid scratching of affected part  
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Avoid contact from infected persons 


What is Alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata is scalp condition in which the falling of hair occurs in small patches but in initial phase the small patches is unnoticeable ,after some times the small patches may connected and then become in alopecia areata hair fall occur in patches . 

Alopecia areata is autoimmune , non scarring disorder

Type of alopecia areata

  • Alopecia areata(patchy ) –it is the initial stage in which the hair start falling in small patch then it gradually increases and make a shaped like coin.if this condition become worsen it lead to alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis 
  • Alopecia totalis –when the hair loss occur in whole scalp this conditions called alopecia totalis 
  • Alopecia universalis -this is a severe form of alopecia , along with the scalp hair loss also started from the other parts of the body such as eyebrows ,eyelashes,chest , back ,and pubic hair.

Risk factors

  • Genetic -if this disease strike under the age of 30 , in such type of cases having strong family history  
  • Medical conditions -There are some medical conditions in which the chances of occurrence of alopecia areata are common such as asthma ,hay fever , thyroid disease(thyroiditis), vitiligo ,pernicious anemia and down syndrome 
  • Stress – some experts says alopecia areata is also triggered by mental stress.
  • Pre existing skin disease or autoimmune disorder
  • Pregnancy and hormonal imbalance also lead to this condition during pregnancy several hormonal changes occur . 
  • Smoking , drinking also triggered this conditions


  • Social stigma -if there is some problem in the growth of the hair is reduce the self esteem  , affects the quality of life ,it lead to bad impact on emotional levels and decreases the confidence levels of the patient , in this Condition patient try to make distance from society and sometimes it also leads to depression .
  • Permanent hair loss if the condition is not treated at the right time it lead to alopecia totalis ,it means hair loss is permanent and also spread to other parts of the body 

Symptoms & Causes

The classical symptoms of alopecia areata is hair loss in patches, due to patches it may form a coin size shaped in the scalp 

  • Symptoms of this condition may appear sudden , developing in just a few days or may take a period of weeks 
  • In acute phase , the lesion can be slightly erythematous and oedematous.
  • Sometime itching may occur 
  • Characteristic hair , known as exclamation point hair may be seen within around the areas of alopecia ,these hair are tapped towards the scalp end with thickened at the distal end . 
  • Cadaver hair -when the hair breaks before reaching the skin surface 
  • White hairs – may grow in the affected area.
  • Burning in the affected area  

There are some warning signs appear in the fingernails and toenails, these signs warns regarding this condition.signs are

  • Nails become rough 
  • Nalis of the fingers and foot become thin and split 
  • Sometimes nails become dull and lose their shine
  • White spots and lines may also appear in the nails


The exact cause of this condition is unknown but it autoimmune disorder so when some problems occur in the healthy immune system 

If the immune system is disturb it try to harm own cells , this condition occurs when white blood cells normally it protects us but due to deranged immune system white blood cells started to attack the cells in the hair follicles , it lead to shrink and as a result it slows down the production of the hair .

Multiple factors such as genetic and environmental factors 

  • Genetic factors play a very important role because it is fact if any person is suffering from this condition having strong family history of alopecia areata
  • Stres – there is little evidence that this condition is triggered by stress 
  • Some medical conditions also related with this diseases such as thyroiditis , vitiligo , and any history of autoimmune disorder ,asthma, hay fever , pernicious anaemia and drown syndrome.

Diagnosis and treatment

  • Diagnosis is made by physical examination , past history , and medical history all these steps help in making the diagnosis of this condition
  • Past history reveal any history of the same condition and medical history give clue to find out any other autoimmune disorder 
  • Scalp biopsy may require sometimes -it is required to rule other conditions such as sany fungal infection ( tinea )
  • Sometimes hair of the affected part is examined under the microscope 
  • Blood test – test is also useful to detect other conditions such as iron levels, thyroid hormones,antinuclear antibody test , free and total testosterone , follicular stimulating hormones and luteinizing hormones , erythrocytes sedimentation rate 
  • Pulling test -this test is done in initial phase doctors gently push the hairs and check the amount of pulled hair


There is only conventional treatment is available such as corticosteroids , anti inflammatory drugs which suppress the immune system , and mostly it is administered through local injections , topical ointment application , or orally ,use of photochemotherapy . but all these treatments are not safe and permanent .

Homeopathy are good option in treatment because it is safe and effective.


  • Try to protect your body from the direct exposure to the sun because it can harm your ,apply sunscreen whenever going outside 
  • Always cover the head from the sunlight by using hats ,wigs ,and scarves to protect the head from the sun or keep it warm
  • If you feel social embarrassing keep your in style that cover your baldness
  • Join supportive groups and never feel depressed.
  • Take diet which is rich in proteins ,zinc,and biotin .
  • Scalp massage from the essentials oil
  • Use Herbal supplements such as ginseng ,green tea , chinese hibiscus and saw palmetto.
  • Reduce stress is it very important for overcome from this condition

Homoeopathic management

Homoeopathy is the best option of treatment because it is safe and effective it helps to regrow the hair . homeopathic medicine can improve the state of dearrnage immune system .

But never take homeopathy medicine without consultation from the registered practitioner .

Some homeopathic medicine are  

Jaborandi ,acid flour ,thuja ,lycopodium ,phosphorus,sulphur 

Do’s and don’ts


  • Use sunscreen if exposed to sun.
  • Eat healthy diet 
  • Keep hydrated 
  • Protect yourself from the sunlight 
  • Keep positive thinking 
  • Use herbals oils and shampoos 
  • Reduce stress 


  • Limit the use of alcohol and smoking 
  • Don’t join the society which depress you
  • Avoid harsh hair treatments such as curling , iron and other harmful treatments .