MANAGE YOUR CALCANEAL SPUR WITH HOMEOPATHY

WHAT IS A CALCANEAL SPUR?


Calcaneal spur is just a bony outgrowth from the calcaneal tuberosity, calcaneal spur also called heel spur, it a calcium deposit causing bony protrusion on the underside of the heel bone.

When a foot is exposed to constant stress,it leads to calcium deposits on the bottom of the heel bone.


RISK FACTORS


There are various activities which increase the risk of developing calcaneal spur:

  • Athletic activities-running and jumping can wear down the heel and arch of the foot.
  • Activity on hard surface-frequent walking ,running,or jumping on hard surfaces can wear down the heel.
  • Trauma to the heel-repeated injury ,bruising and tearing the membrane that covers it can lead to heel spurs.
  • Getting older:common in old age
  • Sex-heel spur is more common in female.
  • Being overweight: in obese persond the risk of developing of calcaneal spur is high.
  • Impropers footwear:frequently wearing shoes that do not fit properly ,have lost their support,or are not supportive,such as flip-flops,can lead to heel spur.
  • There are some medical conditions that may cause heel spurs:
  1. Reactive arthritis
  2. Ankylosing spondylitis
  3. Plantar fasciitis

 There is misunderstanding between heel spur and plantar fasciitis because a heel spur is calcium deposits that forms a bony protrusion along the plantar fascia.

In contrast,plantar fasciitis is a condition where the plantar fasciitis gets irritated and swollen,which causes pain in the heel.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Pain in the heel which is sharp like and mainly occur in the morning when standing up in the morning.
  • Dull aching pain in the heel remain throughout the day
  • Heat radiating from the affected area
  • Small ,visible bone like protrusion under the heel.
  • Tenderness may present at the bottom of the heel that makes it hard to walk barefoot
  • Inflammation and swelling at the front of the heel.

CAUSES


Heel spur develops over time it is not caused by only one reason or they don’t appear suddenly after workout or a spot event , it has many predisposing factors which all make a person susceptible to develop.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


Diagnosis of the calcaneal spur is made by history of heel pain and tenderness from long term.and heel spurs are also diagnosed with ultrasound and x-ray 

 X ray- It shows the bony prominence of the heel bone.


TREATMENT


The treatment of calcaneal spur include:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Cortisone injections
  • Wearing cushioned sports shoes
  • Using custom-made orthotics
  • Pain killer
  • In rare cases,surgery is required to remove the heel spur.
  • Find out the cause and treat them

But these treatments are only conventional ,not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for calcaneal spur.


MANAGEMENT


  • Applying ice-this can help reduce pain and swelling.
  • Rest -getting plenty of rest and taking pressure off the feet can help to reduce pain and swelling in the affected area.
  • Epson salt bath- a warm epson salt bath can soften your heels,reduce inflammation and swelling and relieve heel spur pain
  • Stretching and massage- foot massages can be beneficial to foot health because they can increase fluid flow ,break up scar tissue and can speed up the healing process.
  • Always wear high cushioned shoes.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Homeopathy medicines offer a very safe and complete treatment of calcaneal spur. The homoeopathic medicines substance and have no side effects.some medicines such as

  1. Calcarea flour
  2. Ammonium mur
  3. Rhus tox
  4. Aranea diadema
  5. Aurum met
  6. Mezereum
  7. Ruta
  8. Mag phos
  9. Causticum

DO’S AND DON’TS


Do’s


  • apply a cold compress on a heel spur
  • Do physiotherapy and exercise for heel spurs
  • Use correct fix shoes
  • Give Rest to your heel
  • Using therapeutics orthotics insoles
  • Maintain healthy fat
  • Doing warm up exercise before doing any each activity

Don’ts


  • Avoid pressure on heel
  • Avoid walking on hard surface
  • Avoid food which contain fat 
  • Avoid excessive running

GET RID OF SCIATICA WITH HOMEOPATHY

WHAT IS SCIATICA?


Sciatica is a common type of pain and this term is used to describe nerve pain in the legs that is caused by irritation and /or compression of the sciatic nerve .

Sciatica usually affects only one side of the lower body ,the pain extends from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg ,pain may extend to the foot or toe.


Risk factors

  • Age -people between 30 to 50 are more prone to sciatica
  • Diabetes can cause nerve damage 
  • Weight – overweight persons are prone because excess weight puts pressure on your spine
  • Pregnancy pregnant lady are also prone for the sciatica because hormones produced  during pregnancy it cause ligaments to loosen up and stretch which cause back pain .
  • Occupation –work in which back is twisted more,carry heavy loads or drive a motor vehicle for long periods of time may contribute to this 
  • Sedentary lifestyle –persons who lead a sedentary lifestyle or having habit for long sitting are more prone for sciatica because long sitting cause pressure 
  • Degenerative arthritis of the lumbar spine -it is a chronic disorder that damages the cartilage and tissues surrounding the joints
  • Any trauma or injury to the spine – any physical trauma such as accident can lead to sciatica
  • Smoking
  • Deficiency of vit D -deficiency of vit-D lead to  weakness of bone 
  • Tall persons are more prone for sciatica

COMPLICATIONS


The major complication of the sciatica is permanent nerve damage.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • The main symptoms of sciatica is pain and pain can be felt anywhere in the course of the sciatic nerve,and this pain may start from the hip joint and transmit up to foot 
  • Lower back pain
  • Burning and tingling sensation in the leg 
  • Weakness,numbness in the leg or foot 
  • Difficulty in motions
  • May be pain become constant in one side 
  • Shooting pain at the time of standing
  • Postured induced pain-symptoms of sciatica may worse during some posture such as sitting,try to stand up,bending the spine forward, lying down,while coughing,twisting the spine.
  • Pain in hip.

CAUSES


The most common cause of scitai is herniated disk or slipped disc that causes pressure on nerves.

Spine is made up of three parts

  1. A vertebrae
  2. Nerve 
  3. And disk 

Disk is made up of cartilage,which is strong and resilient material,the cartilage acts as a cushion between each vertebrae and allow the spine to flexible .herniated disk occurs when a disk is pushed out of place and putting pressure on the sciatic nerve.

Other cause of sciatica is 

  • Lumbar spinal stenosis- in this condition the spinal cord become narrow in the lower back
  • Spondylolisthesis-in this condition disk slip forward over the vertebrae below it
  • Tumors-the presence of tumours in the spine may compress the spine
  • Infection-infection may affect the spine
  • Cauda equina syndrome -rare but serious condition that affects the nerve in the lower part of the spinal cord .it require medical condition
  • Spinal stenosis-thus condition lead to narrowing of the spinal cord

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


Diagnosis is made by doing this step


  1. Physical examination
  2. Joint examination
  3. Imaging tests 

Physical examination include some findings such as

  • Localized pain in the low back ,buttock,thigh and leg
  • The response to leg movements that elongate the nerve
  • The response to certain stimuli such as gentle pressing the toes and calf region.

Joint examination

  • Straight leg raise (SLR)test -This test is done to determine if patient has true sciatica,cause leg is very common may occur due to any other reason .
  • Slump test – this test also done for checking the involvement if sciatic nerve

Imaging tests for sciatica

  • MRI -MRI are helpful to know about the sciatic nerves ,surrounding soft tissue ,facet,joint inflammation,tumors and herniated disk.
  • Discogram -discogram is helpful in determining abnormalities in a vertebral disc.

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment for sciatica is painkillers,anti inflammatory drugs,muscle relaxants, physiotherapy and other treatment available like acupressure ,physical therapy or chiropractic 

But all these treatments are temporary but homoeopathy can cure the condition permanently.


MANAGEMENT


The management of sciatica is mainly focus to relieve pain and keeping active as possible

  • Try to alternate Hot and cold application to  reduce pain.
  • Do exercise and light stretching (as recommended by physiotherapist) stretching exercise might relieve nerve root compression.
  • Never sit  for long period because it increases the pressure on dick and may worsen the condition 
  • Stop alcohol and smoking
  • Always eat a diet which is rich in calcium and vit D because it gives strength to the bone 

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Homeopathy is very advanced science ,through homoeopathy we can treat acute and chronic sciatica.homeopathic medicine are natural and safe ,worek on the root cause of sciatica for complete,effective healing and cure Some widely used medicines for sciatica are:

Colocynthis

Magnesia phosphorica

Rhus tox

Cotyledon

Chamomilla

Gnaphalium

Aesculus


DO’S AND DON’TS


Do’s 

  • Keep active and try to take small breaks in between your sitting hours.
  • Eat a healthy diet, a diet which is rich in calcium and vit D
  • Keep hydrated 
  • Hot and cold packs
  • Do changes in lifestyle such as prolonged sitting or sedentary lifestyle
  • Maintain healthy weight

Don’t


  • Avoid jerking ,bouncing or twisting during stretch
  • Avoid heavy weight lifting
  • Avoid prolonged bed rest 
  • Avoid sitting for long time
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF FROZEN SHOULDER

WHAT IS FROZEN SHOULDER?


Frozen shoulder is a painful condition in which the shoulder becomes stiff and movement becomes limited. Frozen shoulder occurs when the supporting structure around the shoulder joint (capsule) becomes thick, stiff, and inflamed. 

The condition is called “frozen” shoulder because the more pain that is felt, the less likely the shoulder will be moved. Lack of use causes the shoulder capsule to thicken and becomes tight, making the shoulder even more difficult to move and so it is “frozen” in its position.


TYPES


  • Primary: Primary frozen shoulder is “out of the blue” frozen shoulder, occurring without any obvious connection to any other condition.
  • Secondary: Secondary cases appear following other medical problems, such as an injury to the area, the onset of diabetes, or even a surgery that has nothing to do with the shoulder.

Both types probably involves the same underlying vulnerability, but some triggers are more obvious than others.


RISK FACTORS


  • Age: Adults, most commonly between 40 and 60 years old.
  • Gender: More common in women than men.
  • Recent shoulder injury: Any shoulder injury or surgery that results in the need to keep the shoulder from moving.
  • Diabetes: Having diabetes increases the chance of having frozen shoulder.
  • Other health diseases and conditions: Includes stroke, hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland), hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), parkinson’s disease and heart disease. 

COMPLICATIONS


If left untreated, frozen shoulder may cause:

  • Pain in the shoulders
  • Loss of mobility
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Muscle trouble that can worsen and persist for a long time

Complete immobilization is also a common complication of frozen shoulder.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • The “freezing” stage:
    In this stage, the shoulder becomes stiff and painful to move. The pain may increase at night. Inability to move the shoulder increases. This stage last upto 9 month.
  • The “frozen” stage:
    In this stage, pain decrease, but the shoulder remains stiff. This makes it more difficult to complete daily tasks and activities. This stage lasts 2 to 6 months.
  • The recovery stage:
    In this stage, pain lessens, and ability to move the shoulder slowly improves. Full or near full recovery occurs as normal strength and motion return.

CAUSES


If the joint stays immobile for long time due to injury, surgery, any sort of illness, pain etc then range of motion of the joint starts to get limited which can trigger more inflammation and stiffness along with pain. If you have diabetes then the condition would get more aggravated.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


  • It is based on your sign and symptoms along with a physical examination.
  • Physical examination of your arms and shoulders:
    • The doctor will move your shoulder in all directions to check the range of motion and if there is pain with movement. This type of exam, in which your doctor is moving your arm and not you, is called determining your “passive range of motion.”
    • The doctor will also watch you move your shoulder to see your “active range of motion.”
    • The two types of motion are compared. People with frozen shoulder have limited range of both active and passive motion.
  • X-rays of the shoulder : to rule out arthritis of shoulder.
  • MRI and ultrasound: (not needed to diagnose frozen shoulder) but to look for other problems, such as a rotator cuff tear.

TREATMENT


In conventional treatment, painkillers are given to obtain relief from pain in first stage. Shoulder manipulation and shoulder arthroscopy is also done sometimes. Homeopathy can obviously help to relieve pain without side-effects. It would also help in treating the root cause like diabetes or any other thing.


MANAGEMENT


  1. Hot and cold compresses: These help reduce pain and swelling.
  2. Physical therapy :Stretching and range of motion exercises taught by a physical therapist.
  3. Home exercise program :Continue exercise program at home.
  4. Some common stretching exercises: 
    • Crossover arm stretch: Holding the upper arm of the affected side, gently pull the arm across in front of you, under the chin. Hold for 30 seconds. Relax and repeat.
    • Pendulum stretch: Stand with the shoulders relaxed. Lean forward with the hand of the unaffected arm resting on a table. Let the affected arm hang down vertically and swing in a small circle, around 1 foot in diameter. Increase the diameter over several days, as you gain strength.
    • Towel stretch: Grab both ends of a towel behind your back. With the good arm, pull the towel, and the affected arm, up toward the shoulder. Repeat 10 to 20 times a day.

*These exercises should be guided by a doctor, or a physical therapist.


HOMOEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Given that a frozen shoulder is a benign, self-limiting condition, conservative treatment options are the first choice for management in the first stage of the disease. 

Some homoeopathic medicines useful in cases of frozen shoulder are, rhus tox, sanguinaria, ferrum met, bryonia, causticum, phytolacca, ledum pal, rhododendron etc. These remedies is to be taken after consulting a registered homoeopath only. 


DO’S AND DON’TS


DO’S


  • Apply cold and hot compresses everyday.
  • Do the physical exercises regularly without fail.

DON’TS


  • It is very important for people with a frozen shoulder to avoid reinjuring the shoulder tissues during the rehabilitation period. 
  • These individuals should avoid sudden, jerking motions of or heavy lifting with the affected shoulder.

HOMEOPATHIC APPROACH TO COLD SORES

WHAT IS COLD SORES ?


Cold sores are also called as fever blisters. Fever blisters are a common viral infection. Cold sores are red, fluid-filled blisters that form near the mouth or on other areas of the face. These blisters are often grouped together in patches. Cold sores usually heal in two to four weeks without leaving a scar. 


RISK FACTORS


  • Infection, fever, or a cold
  • Stress
  • Sun exposure and severe burns
  • Cancer chemotherapy
  • Menstruation and eczema
  • HIV/AIDS or a weakened immune system
  • Dental work
  • Anti-rejection drugs for organ transplants

COMPLICATIONS


  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
  • Red, irritated eyes with or without discharge.
  • High or persistent fever.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


Symptoms


  • Tingling and itching:- Around the lips many people feel an itching, burning or tingling sensation for a day or so before a small, hard, painful spot appears and blister erupt.
  • Oozing and crusting:- The small blisters may merge and then burst, leaving shallow open sores that will ooze fluid and then crust over.
  • Blister:- Small fluid-filled blisters typically break out along the border where the outside edge of the lips meets the skin of the face. Cold sores also occur around the nose or on the cheeks.
  • During the first time some people also experience fever, painful eroded gums, sore throat, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes.

Causes


  • Viral infection or fever 
  • Stress and fatigue 
  • Changes in the immune system
  • Hormonal changes, such as those related to menstruation, exposure to sunlight and wind

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


Diagnosis


Fluid from the sore can be examined to find out if you have a herpes virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV).  This virus causes cold sores thus diagnosis of cold sores can be made.


Treatment


Treatment for cold sores are antiviral drugs, lip- balms and creams, pain- relieving creams, stress reduction medicines, synthetic beeswax, etc. but these treatments are not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for Cold sores to eliminate the virus without side effects.


MANAGEMENT


  • Avoid skin to skin contact with others while blisters are present.
  • Keep your hands clean.
  • Don’t sharing items.
  • Avoid touching other parts of the body, especially susceptible areas, such as the genitals and eyes 

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like Natrum mur, Rhus tox, Apis mellifica, Arsenicum album, Borax, Graphites, hepar sulph, etc. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for Cold Sores.


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Avoid skin to skin contact with others while blisters are present.
  • Keep your hands clean.
  • Eat healthy diet to boost immunity.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Add probiotics to the diet.
  • Maintain hygiene.

Don’ts


  • Don’t share items.
  • Don’t rub the sores.

LUPUS AND ITS HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT!!!

LUPUS (lupus erythematous)

WHAT IS LUPUS(LUPUS ERYTHEMATOUS)?


Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disorder that  occurs when your body’s immune system attacks yours own tissues and organs.

Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems- including your joints,skin,kidneys,blood cells,brain,heart and lungs.


RISK FACTORS


Age  -lupus can affect all age groups but is common in between the age of 15 and 45.

Sex  – lupus is more common in female.

Race-It is more common in african,american,hispanics and asian-americans.


COMPLICATIONS


  •  Kidney failure
  • Storke 
  • Heart attack
  • Pregnancy complication
  • Hip destruction( also called avascular necrosis)
  • Cataracts
  • Bone fractures
  • Joints deformities
  • Skin deformities

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  1. Achy joints (arthalgia)
  2. Unexplained fever 
  3. Swollen joints ( arthritis)
  4. Skin rash
  5. Ankle swelling and fluid accumulation
  6. Pain in the chest when breathing deeply (pleurisy).
  7. A butterfly shaped rash across the face and nose.(also called malar rash)
  8. Hair loss.
  9. Sensitive to the sun and /or other lights.
  10. Seizures.
  11. Mouth or nose sores.
  12. Pale or purple fingers or toes from cold or stress (RAYNAUD’S PHENOMENON)

CAUSES


  1. Autoimmune disease 
  2. Genetic and environmental factors
  3. Some potential triggers such as sunlight,infection,medications.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


  • Physical examination(A person should have at least 4of the following 11 criteria)
  • Malar rash
  • Discoid rash
  • Photosensitivity 
  • Oral ulcer
  • Arthritis
  • Kidney disorder
  • Neurological disorder
  • Inflammation
  • Positive ANA test
  • Blood disorder(anemia,leukopenia,lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia)
  • Immunological disorder
  • Laboratory tests such as CBC,ESR,LFT,KFT,urine examination.
  • Imaging test-chest x-ray ,Echocardiogram.
  • Biopsy -skin biopsy.
  • Antinuclear antibody test (ANA).

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment includes use of:

  1. NSAIDs
  2. Antimalarial drugs
  3. Corticosteroids
  4. Immunosuppressants
  5. Biologics

MANAGEMENT


  1. Low impact Exercises such as walking, swimming and biking.
  2. Enough rest
  3. Avoid alcohol
  4. Avoid smoking
  5. Avoid unnecessary sun exposure
  6. Take care of fever and infection

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


  1. Belladonna( for malar rash or butterfly rash) 
  2. Mercurius solubilis( oral and /or naso-pharyngeal ulceration)
  3. Borax (mucosal ulceration mainly in oral mucosa)
  4. Rhus tox ( joints and musculoskeletal complaints)
  5. Hyocyamus (NPSLE)
  6. Aconite(anxiety,fear,general restlessness)
  7. Cinchonna officinalis(hemolytic anaemia)
  8. Ferrum mettalicum

DO’S AND DON’TS


DO’S


  1. Low impact Exercises such as walking, swimming and biking.
  2. Enough rest.
  3. Look out for fever and infection.

DON’TS


  1. Avoid alcohol
  2. Avoid smoking
  3. Avoid unnecessary sun exposure.

HOMEOPATHIC APPROACH TO CYSTIC FIBROSIS

WHAT IS CYSTIC FIBROSIS?


Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder. 

It is a disease that is passed down through families and is caused by a genetic mutation.

In a healthy person, mucus that lines organs and body cavities(like respiratory and digestive tract) is slippery and watery. In people who have CF, thick mucus clogs the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Blocking the ducts in the pancreas causes problems with digesting food, so it gets difficult to absorb nutrients from food.

Other organs that are affected by CF are the liver, sinuses, intestines and sex organs. CF is a chronic (long-lasting) and progressive (getting worse over time) condition.

It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children and young adults


RISK FACTORS


  • Race: mostly seen in caucasians(europeans). It is extremely rare in India.
  • Sex: CF is diagnosed in males and females equally.
  • Genetics: occurs in a child when both parents have the defective gene.

COMPLICATIONS


Damaged airways, chronic lung infections, nasal polyps, haemoptysis, respiratory failure, diabetes, intestinal obstruction, thinning of bones(osteoporosis) etc.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


CF symptoms vary from person to person.

Symptoms often appear in infancy and childhood such as bowel obstruction due to meconium ileus in newborns.

A person with mild disease may be asymptomatic or symptoms may appear once in a while or they may occur regularly.

Children who have CF have the following symptoms:

  • Failure to thrive (inability to gain weight despite having a good appetite and taking in enough calories)
  • Loose or oily stools
  • Trouble breathing
  • Recurrent wheezing
  • Frequent lung infections (recurrent pneumonia or bronchitis)
  • Recurrent sinus infections
  • A nagging cough
  • Slow growth

OTHER SYMPTOMS

  • Impaired digestion and absorption of proteins, carbohydrates and fat.
  • Diabetes mellitus I
  • Salty sweat
  • clubbing(rounded fingernails)
  • Intestinal obstruction, rectal prolapse.
  • Genitourinary problems (male and female infertility)

OTHER ASSOCIATIVE CONDITIONS

  • Salt depletion
  • Nasal polyps
  • Sinusitis
  •  Rectal prolapse
  •  Pancreatitis
  •  Cholelithiasis
  •  Insulin dependent diabetes(type I)

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


On coming first to the doctor, patient’s medical history is taken. Patients general health is observed accompanied by a thorough physical examination.

Lab tests that help in diagnosing CF : 

  • Sweat test- sweat chloride value will be more than 60mEq/l
  • Genetic test- direct examination of DNA molecule of affected child
  • Chest X ray- lung fibrosis and scarring can be seen.
  • Sinus X ray: sinus X-rays can confirm CF in patients who show certain symptoms. 
  • Sputum culture: Certain bacteria, such as pseudomonas, are most commonly found in people who have CF.

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment  mainly includes antibiotics, decongestants, bronchodilators and mucolytics. Physical therapy and exercises are also helpful.


 MANAGEMENT


  • Preventing and controlling lung infections.
  • Loosening and removing thick sticky mucus from respiratory passages.
  • Preventing and treating blockage of intestines
  • Providing enough nutrition and preventing dehydration.

HOMOEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


It is vital that people with CF receive appropriate treatments to enable them to live longer, healthier lives. Homoeopathic medicines for cystic fibrosis is selected based on indivdualisation of case and symptom similarity. Some common remedies are: aconite, bryonia, belladonna, calcarea carb, kali sulph, hepar sulph etc.

For final treatment and remedy selection in each case, you should consult a qualified homoeopathic doctor.


DO’S AND DON’TS


DO’S


  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Eat nutritious food with plenty of fluids.
  • Take probiotics to get help with digestive issues
  • Exercise regularly as it will help you with your general health, make your lungs and heart muscles stronger as well as loosen the mucus in airways.

DON’TS


  • Avoid polluted air, wear masks when going outside.
  • Maintain proper hygiene to avoid getting new infections.
  • Avoid smoke, pollen, strong odors and mold whenever possible. These irritants can make symptoms worse. 

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF CHICKENPOX

WHAT IS CHICKEN POX?


Chickenpox also known as varicella,is a highly contagious viral infection.

The chances of contracting Chicken pox is high to those who haven’t had the disease or been vaccinated against it.


Risk factors


  • If you haven’t already had chickenpox 
  • If you haven’t had the chickenpox vaccine
  • Newborns and infants whose mothers never had chickenpox or the vaccine
  • Adolescents and adults
  • Pregnant women who haven’t had chickenpox
  • People who smoke
  • Weak immune system
  • People who taking steroids more frequently

Complications


Although chicken pox is mild diseases but if remain untreated it lead to various major health issues such as

  • Bacterial infection of the skin ,soft tissues and /or bones
  • Dehydration -when intake of water become less during chickenpox it lead to dehydration.
  • Pneumonia -if infection reaches the lungs it caused bacterial pneumonia.this type of complication mainly found in children
  • Sepsis – Bacterial infection of the blood stream called sepsis.when the infection reaches the bloodstream 
  • Encephalitis or inflammation of the brain 
  • Pregnancy complication –  If the infection spread to unborn baby it produce complication during pregnancy.
  • Shingles/herpes zoster – in occur in late stage of life in this case the dominant varicella -zoster virus become activated due to various causes such as weak immune system, stress , anxiety ,etc.
  • Toxic shock syndrome -when the bacteria staphylococcus aureus gets into the bloodstream and bacteria produce toxins in the blood 

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


Symptoms


Incubation period -it means it the time period between exposure to an infection and the appearance of the symptoms.so the incubation period of chickenpox is 10 to 21 days 

The itchy blisters rash caused or appear 10 to 21 days after exposure to the virus and usually lasts about 5 to 10 days.other signs and symptoms ,which may appear one to two days before the rash,include.

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness and general feeling of being unwell(malaise).
  • Aching muscles
  • Feeling of nausea

Once the chickenpox rash appears,it goes through three phases.

  • Raises pink or red bumps (papules),which break out over several days.
  • Small fluid-filled blisters(vesicles),which form in about one day and then break and leak.
  • Crusts and scabs,which cover the broken blisters and take several more days to heal.

Causes


chicken pox is caused by a virus called varicella zoster .it spread from affected person to healthy persons by various medium ,such as by hugs ,kisses , by using contaminated article , by coming in contact with infected persons ,by touching the blisters, or breathing in air around someone who is infected.

How it is spread – chicken pox spread through various mediums


  • By airborne respiratory droplets(coughs or sneezes) – when an infected person cough or sneeze without covering of mouth it shed various viruses in the air if these viruses come in contact with the healthy persons the viruses are transferred to healthy persons 
  • By saliva –if the saliva from infected person to healthy person transfer through hugs and kisses.
  • By skin to skin contact if the bacteria direct shared from skin of affected person to healthy person.
  • By touching a contaminated article – if the used article of the affected person is used by healthy person because article used by affected person contain viruses it may transfer to the person.
  • By mother to baby by pregnancy – if the pregnant women get infected from chicken pox ,there is a high chance of transfer to the baby .

Diagnosis and treatment


  • Diagnosis of the chicken pox is mainly done by physical examination of the rashes .
  • Laboratory tests ( CBC,culture of lesion samples).a sample of blood  is send to the laboratory to know the active chickenpox infection in body .and also to find antibodies .

Treatment


Conventional treatment of Chickenpox ,typically chickenpox needs no medical treatment ,but doctors may prescribe antihistamine to relieve itching , antibiotics for skin infections 

But all these medications have side effects, it is better to complete the course of chickenpox , but symptomatic relief can be done by homeopathy because it is safe and natural.


Management


  • Drink lots of water because chickenpox cause dehydration so drink more water then u lose.
  • Maintain hygienic conditions , it is very important because unhygienic conditions can lead to spread of infection to other aparts 
  • Eat a healthy diet and take rest 
  • Avoid itching as much as possible try to avoid scratching because it lead to scarring and also spread infection to other part .
  • Use cool wet compresses or give cool or lukewarm bath
  • Apply calamine lotion
  • Keep fingernails clean and short as possible
  • Prevent transmission as much as possible – use mask or hand while coughing to prevent transmission of chickenpox
  • Try to avoid go in crowded place during chicken pox.

Homeopathic management


Chickenpox is a viral disease so it is better to complete its course properly but Through homeopathy medicine we can help in the healing process and also helpful to control the itching and irritation. Homeopathy also act as preventive method 

  • Aconite
  • Belladonna
  • Rhus tox
  • Antimonium crud
  • Apis
  • Kali mur
  • Variolinum 

But take homeopathy medicine only after proper case taking by the registered medical practitioner.


Do’s and don’ts


Do’s


  • Eat healthy diet
  • Keep hydrated
  • Always keep your nails clean and small 
  • Use calamine lotion
  • Always use mask on face 
  • Wearing loose clothing

Don’ts


  • Avoid scratching as much as possible 
  • Avoid stress
  • Avoid to go in crowded place 
  • Never suppressed it by taking unnecessary medicine 
  • Avoid junk food

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF MELASMA

WHAT IS MELASMA?


Melasma is a common skin problem. This condition causes dark and discoloured patches on your skin.

Other name of this condition is chloasma or the mask of pregnancy when it occurs in pregnant women.


Common areas for occurance of melasma


  • bridge of the face
  • The forehead
  • Cheeks
  • Upper lips
  • Forearms
  • Neck
  • Shoulders

RISK FACTORS

  • Pregnancy ( due to hormonal changes)
  • Birth control pills sun exposure
  • Some skin products
  • Dark complexion persons 
  • Female
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Thyroid disease
  • Sun exposure

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES 


SYMPTOMS


  • Patchy discoloration (darker than usual skin colour)
  • Itching (sometimes)

CAUSES


The exact cause is unknown but it may be due to malfunction of the melanocytes (the colour making cells)in the skin, causing them to produce too much of colour.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


  • Usually self diagnosis
  • Lab test not required treatment
  • Wood lamp examination

TREATMENT


  • Sometimes self treatable (in pregnancy )
  • Combined medicated creams
  • Corticosteroids and tretinoin
  • Additional topical medications

MANAGEMENT


  • Avoid unnecessary exposure to sun 
  • Use sunscreen everyday with SPF 30
  • Wearing a wide brimmed hat that shields or provide shades for your face

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


  • Lycopodium
  • Sepia
  • Thuja
  • Berberis aquifolium
  • Argentum nitricum
  • Cadmium sulphuratum
  • Caulophyllum
  • Plumbum metallicum
  • Sulphur 

DO’S & DON’TS


DO’S


  • Drink good amount of water everyday to keep yourself hydrated
  • Wear hat, sunglasses and cover your affected area with cotton breathable cloth
  • Use suncreen daily after consulting the dermatologist

DON’TS


  • Don’t scrub your skin aggeressively
  • Don’t overexpose to sun

PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS

WHAT IS PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS(TB)?


Pulmonary tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection that pass through the air between people. When it affects the lungs, the medical name for this pulmonary tuberculosis.


TYPES OF TB


There are two type of Tb-

  • Latent TB –the bacteria remain in the body in an inactive state.they cause no symptoms and are not contagious, but they can be active if the immune system is weak
  • Active TB  the bacteria do cause symptoms and can be transmitted to other.

RISK FACTORS


The following people are at higher risk of active TB or reactive TB

  • Older adults 
  • Infants
  • People with weak immune systems such as HIV/AIDS,chemotherapy,diabetes,or medicine that weak immune system.

Your risk of catching TB increases if you:

  • Are around people who have tb
  • Living in crowdy or unclean living conditions 
  • Have poor nutrition
  • Smoking habit

The following factors can increase the rate of TB infection in a population:

  • Increase in HIV infections 
  • Increase in  number of homeless people (poor environment and nutrition)
  • Presence of drugs-resistant strains of TB
  • Certain cancers
  • Kidneys disease
  • Diabetes

SPREAD OF Tb


Tb is an airborne disease and can be caught by breathing in the air that an infected person has contaminated via:

  • Breathing
  • Coughing
  • Talking 
  • Singing
  • sneezing

Some activities also spread Tb such as:

  • Using the contaminated articles 
  • Eating or drinking with infected persons
  • Shaking hands or by kiss ,by hugs
  • Sharing clothes,bed or towel
  • Using the same toilet as an infected person

COMPLICATIONS


  • Meningitis: swelling of the membranes that cover the brain.
  • Spinal damage
  • Joint damage
  • Damage to kidney and liver
  • Heart disorder may 

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • A bad cough  lasts for at least 3 weeks
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up blood or phlegm from the lungs
  • Breathlessness
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Low energy or fatigue
  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats

CAUSES


CAUSATIVE AGENT

Mycobacterium tuberculosis


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


Diagnosis is made by

  • Sputum smear test
  • Chest x-ray
  • Blood test
  • Mantoux test

TREATMENT


Treatment is based on type of Tb

People with latent TB, doctors are given preventive therapy ,which include antibiotics for 6-12 months.

People with active TB (particularlyMDR-TB)will often require a prescription of multiple drugs.

The standard length of time for a course of TB antibiotics is about 6 month.

It is important for any course of TB to be complete fully.even if the tb symptoms gone away.any bacteria that have survived the treatment could resistant to the medication that has developing MDR-TB ( drug resistant TB) in future. And drug resistant TB is much more difficult to treat.

DOTS (directly observed therapy) is very good step to treat Tb from root.


MANAGEMENT


  • Eat healthy diet- it provides energy to fight
    • Cover your mouth-cover the mouth by tissue during cough laugh,sneeze
  • Ventilating rooms-tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small closed room , open the window and use a fan to blow
  • TB vaccination(BCG vaccination given to children)
  • Education regarding TB
  • Maintain good hygiene

DO’S AND DON’TS


DO’S


  • Take  the medicine on time
  • Cough with covering of mouth
  • Eat properly
  • Maintain hygienic conditions

DON’TS


  • Never goes in crowded place 
  • Never skip the medicins
  • Never cough without covering

IMPETIGO AND ITS HOMOEPATHIC TREATMENT!

WHAT IS IMPETIGO?

Impetigo is a common and contagious skin infection.it mainly affects infants and children.


Mostly affected area are:


It manifests as red sores on the face, especially around a child’s nose and mouth and on hands and feet.

When these sores burst it forms honey colored crusts


Risk factors

  • Diabetes
  • Dialysis undergoing persons
  • Weak immune system such as from HIV
  • Skin condition such as eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis,scabies,herpes simplex or chicken pox
  • Insects bite or poison ivy.
  • Crowded conditions  -impetigo easily spreads in schools and child care settings.
  • Warm,humid weather- this infection are common in summer
  • Certain sports    -some games in which skin to skin contact ,such as football or wrestling.
  • Broken skin   -the bacteria that cause impetigo may enter through a small skin injury,insects bite or rash
  • Age -mainly it occurs in children ages 2 to 5.

Complication


Generally heal without scaring,rarely complications include:

  • Cellulitis  
  • Kidney problems
  • Scarring

SYMPTOMS & CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Sore -The initial symptoms of impetigo are reddish sores on the skin,these sores quickly grow into blisters,ooze and burst and then form a yellowish or honey crust.
  • Sores can be itchy
  • Painful sores sometimes

CAUSES


Causative agent is staphylococcus bacteria,sometimes group A streptococcus may cause

This condition is highly infectious,these bacteria enter into skin  through any break in the skin then it form the colony in the body.or this condition is also spread by the touch of sore of a person with impetigo or contaminated items like towels,clothes ,or sheets or any other contaminated articles.


DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT


  • Generally impetigo diagnosis by looking .
  • Lab test generally not necessary.

Treatment


  • Antibiotics drugs
  • Ointments 
  • Wet compression

MANAGEMENT


  • Keep skin always clean,always wash any cuts,scrapes,insect bite and other wounds immediately
  • Wash an infected person’s clothes,linen and towels,and don’t share them with anyone else in your family.
  • Wear gloves when applying antibiotic ointment and wash your hands thoroughly afterwards.
  • Cut infected nails short to prevent damage from scratching.
  • Gently wash the affected areas with mild soap and running water and then cover lightly with gauze.
  • Wash hands frequently
  • Keep your child home until your doctor says he or she isn’t contagious.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


  • Arsenic album
  • Hepar sulph
  • Mercurius
  • Mezereum
  • Sulphur
  • Rhus tox