Lichen planus is an inflammatory condition triggered by the immune system which can affect skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes ( mouth, vagina etc). The exact cause of the immune system causing the condition is not known but it can occur after viral infection, allergen exposure, after stress or it could be due to family history as well. Sometimes lichen planus occurs along with other autoimmune diseases as well.

On skin lichen planus appears as purplish, flat topped rashes which are often very itchy. In mucous membranes areas like mouth and vagina, rashes appear as lacy white patches which are often sore. The condition is usually not serious unless it is painful with much itching. Lichen planus is not contagious.


As such there are no risk factors of development of lichen planus as it can occur at any age and can affect anyone but women are twice more susceptible to develop lichen planus and middle aged people are more likely to develop it.

It can be seen more in cases with viral infection (hepatitis C) , those who have history of allergen exposure (arsenic, gold, iodide compounds), due to stress or with family history of lichen planus, certain diuretics.

Lichen planus occurs when the immune system attacks the body cell so if you have any autoimmune disorder then you can develop lichen planus as well.


Lichen planus becomes troublesome when it involves much pain and itching. Sexual dysfunction occurs if lichen planus affects vulva and vagina as the area becomes painful and sensitive. Sometimes lichen planus can leave scar as well.

Hyperpigmentation may occur in some cases once the scar disappears.

Lichen planus may increase the risk of development of squamous cell carcinoma which is a type of skin cancer.



Depending on the area affected the presentation of lichen planus may vary:

  • Rashes which are purplish, flat topped.
  • Itching on the rashes
  • If lichen planus affects the vulva, vagina or mouth then the rashes appear as lacy white patches which are often sore and painful.
  • Discolouration of skin
  • Hair loss
  • Nail become brittle and damaged
  • Blisters may also appear on the site of rashes which can burst eventually and scab develops there.


Lichen planus occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the skin or mucous membrane cells. The exact cause of this immune attack is not known but there could be some triggering factors like:

  • Hepatitis C infection
  • Flu vaccine
  • Certain medicines like diuretics
  • Certain allergen exposure like arsenic, iodide etc
  • Stress
  • Family history



Diagnosis of lichen planus can be done on the basis of presentation of the symptoms. Certain lab tests could be done:

  • BIOPSY: could be done to study the cell morphology for lichen planus

  • ALLERGY TEST: can be done to see any allergen triggering immune reaction to cause lichen planus.

  • HEPATITIS C: if viral infection is the triggering factor then doctor can do hepatitis c test.


Conventional treatment include relieving itching, pain and all symptoms by using corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antihistamines. Underlying cause should be treated (hepatitis c infection, allergic reaction etc).


  • NO SCRATCHING: patient should be advised not to scratch as it may lead to further infection and blister formation on the rashes

  • COOL COMPRESSES: would help in relieving itching

  • MOISTURISER: keep skin hydrated.

  • SMOKING: advise on not to smoke should be given as it will make the oral lichen planus worse

  • ALCOHOL: should not be consumed in case of oral lichen planus

  • AVOID ALLERGENS: allergen which trigger lichen planus should be avoided

  • NO SPICY OR ACIDIC FOOD: should be taken as it will aggravate oral lichen planus

  • STRESS MANAGEMENT: advise on stress management should be given

  • HEALTHY DIET: advise on healthy balanced diet including fresh fruits and vegetables should be given.

  • HOMEOPATHY: homeopathy is an alternative system of medicine which can help get rid of lichen planus permanently without any steroid and topical ointment.


After a thorough case taking and analysis a homeopath can prescribe a medicine which can get rid of lichen planus permanently. Medicines like sulphur, pulsatilla, natrum mur, tuberculinum, ars alb etc can be used but only after constitutional study of the case.



  • Use cool compresses
  • Keep yourself moisturised
  • Manage stress
  • Take healthy diet
  • Drink plenty of water


  • Avoid exposure to allergens
  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t consume alcohol
  • Don’t scratch




Bronchitis is inflammation and irritation of the lining of the bronchial tubes which carry air to and from the the lungs. It causes a cough that brings up thick yellow grey mucus. A cold or flu runs its course till few weeks but sometimes it may spread to the chest causing acute bronchitis which is common but constant irritation or inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes may cause chronic bronchitis which is more serious.

Chronic bronchitis is one of the conditions included in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The bouts of chronic bronchitis keep on coming again and again.


  • SMOKING: smoking; active or passive, predisposes to development of bronchitis.

  • POOR IMMUNITY: compromised immune system may predispose to infections.

  • OCCUPATION: those who work around certain lung irritants are at greater risk of development of bronchitis.

  • ACIDITY: severe acidic regurgitation can irritate the throat and make the person prone to development of bronchitis.


Few bouts are although harmless but chronic bronchitis can lead to pneumonia and end up into COPD.



  • Cough
  • Mucus production which may be clear, white, green or yellow and thick
  • Breathlessness
  • Chest discomfort
  • Fatigue


Most common cause of bronchitis is cigarette smoking. Then people who work around lung irritants can also develop chronic bronchitis.

Acute bronchitis is often caused by normal common cold virus.



Initially it’s hard to differentiate bronchitis from common cold. Chest examination for auscultation may help the physician to listen to the lung sounds. Further tests which could be done include:



Conventional treatment includes medicines for cough as antibiotics are of no help in this. Inhalers and puffs are suggested to help inflammation and open narrowed bronchial tubes.


  • BREATHING EXERCISES: breathing exercises help in improving a case of bronchitis and would help with the symptoms of bronchitis.

  • HUMIDIFIER: warm and moist air would help in relieving cough and would help in expectorating sputum.

  • USE MASK: wearing mask would help in catching infections from other people. If cold air aggravates cough then mask would help.

  • AVOID LUNG IRRITANTS: if you have constant exposure to lung irritants then avoid them.

  • QUIT SMOKING: as smoking predisposes to chronic bronchitis.


Homeopathy is an alternative system of medicine which can help you get rid of bronchitis permanently without any side effects. There are many medicines available which are very good and even replace all other kinds of medications, inhalers & puffs.

Medicines like tuberculinum, pulsatilla, blatta, kali carb, natrum sulph etc are very good in treatment of bronchitis but should always be taken only after prescription of a homeopath.



  • Do breathing exercises regularly
  • Wear mask
  • Use humidifier
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Take healthy diet
  • Wash hands frequently
  • Use clean paper tissues
  • Add fresh fruits and veggies in your diet


  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t expose to lung irritants
  • Don’t come in direct contact with infected person




Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland is under active and does not produce required amount of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland which lies in front of the neck. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland are T3 & T4 which have impact on the metabolism as they control vital functions of the body such as temperature and heart rate. The hormones produced by thyroid gland are responsible for providing energy to almost every organ in the body and controls functions like heart beat, digestion etc. Thus when thyroid gland stops working on optimum level then functions of the body begin to slow down.


  1. AGE: hypothyroidism usually occurs with growing age.

  2. GENDER: females are more prone to development of hypothyroidism.

  3. FAMILY HISTORY: if you have family history of hypothyroidism then there are more chances of development of hypothyroidism.

  4. OTHER AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER: if you have any autoimmune disease then you are more prone to development of another autoimmune disease also.

  5. CERTAIN MEDICATION: like antithyroid medicines can cause underactive thyroid.

  6. PREGNANCY: during pregnancy you can develop hypothyroidism.

  7. SURGERY: partial removal of a part of thyroid gland due to certain cause can cause development of hypothyroidism.


  1. GOITER: goiter is a condition in which the size of the thyroid gland increases more than normal size. This occurs due to constant stimulation of thyroid gland to release more hormones as the thyroid is underactive.

  2. DEPRESSION: due to lack of hormones depression may occur which increases over time.

  3. HEART PROBLEMS: there is increased risk of development of heart diseases as thyroid hormones regulate functions of heart.

  4. INFERTILITY: due to low levels of thyroid hormone, there is interference with release of egg.

  5. MYXEDEMA: is a condition which can be life threatening if hypothyroidism stays undiagnosed for long time. Myxedema have symptoms of intense cold intolerance, drowsiness, lethargy and sometimes unconsciousness.

  6. PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY: uncontrolled hypothyroidism damage nerves of arms and legs which causes pain, numbness and tingling.

  7. BIRTH DEFECTS: if mothers have uncontrolled hypothyroidism then foetus can develop birth defects.



The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism depends on the level of deficiency of the hormones. Symptoms often take time to develop, often over a number of years.


  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Dryness of the skin
  • Weight gain
  • Puffiness of face
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Muscular weakness, aches and stiffness
  • Pain and stiffness of joints, swelling may also be seen
  • Irregular menstrual cycle or heavy bleeding
  • High cholesterol
  • Thinning of hair
  • Palpitations
  • Weakness of memory
  • Depression
  • Enlarged thyroid gland


Hypothyroidism may be caused due to number of factors:

  • AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which the thyroid gland is attacked by the immune system and antibodies are produced against the thyroid tissues.

  • HYPERTHYROIDISM TREATMENT: when the treatment for hyperthyroidism is over done then hypothyroidism may occur.

  • THYROID SURGERY: removing a part of thyroid can diminish its hormone production.

  • RADIATION THERAPY: used for treating cancers in head and neck can affect the thyroid gland as well and can lead to hypothyroidism

  • CERTAIN MEDICINES: such as lithium can cause hypothyroidism

  • CONGENITAL DISEASES: sometimes babies are born with defective thyroid gland or sometimes no thyroid gland.

  • IODINE DEFICIENCY: iodine is essential for production of thyroid hormones. So due to deficiency of iodine leads to hypothyroidism.

  • PREGNANCY: some women develop hypothyroidism during or after pregnancy.



Based on symptoms blood test for analysing levels of TSH hormone is enough for diagnosis.


Treatment of hypothyroidism include oral administration of synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine.


Management of hypothyroidism include advice on regular exercise, healthy diet, meditation to release stress is given along with hormone supplementation.

Homeopathy is a good alternative option to synthetic thyroid hormone.


Homeopathic medicines would help the body to remove the cause and start preparing the thyroid hormone itself. There are many medicines like sepia, sulphur, pulsatilla, tuberculinum, calcarea carb etc which are useful is treatment of hypothyroidism permanently. But these medicines are constitution based and should be taken after the advice of homeopathic doctor only.



  • Do regular physical exercise.
  • Eat healthy diet.
  • Take plenty of water.
  • Do meditation


  • Don’t ignore the condition
  • Don’t smoke.




The lining of the womb (uterus) is known as endometrium. Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium is present outside of the uterus as well. Usually the ectopic endometrium is seen in lower abdomen only (ovaries, Fallopian tubes, pelvis) but endometriosis may rarely spread to parts other than pelvis and can appear anywhere in body.

In endometriosis, the endometrium present at abnormal sites also respond to each menstrual cycle. So the endometrium outside the uterus also thickens, breaks and bleeds with each cycle of menses.

Since the abnormal sites of endometrium in endometriosis have no way of exit to discharge out the blood, cysts are formed entrapping the discharge. The surrounding tissues are also irritated causing adhesions and the organs stick to each other.

Sometimes there are no symptoms in mild endometriosis but mostly women suffer from severe pain during periods, during sexual intercourse and infertility can also occur.


  1. NULLIPAROUS: never giving birth can trigger endometriosis.

  2. EARLY MENARCHE: early onset of menses during puberty.

  3. LATE MENOPAUSE: having menses till old age can trigger endometriosis.

  4. OESTROGEN: high levels of oestrogen can also cause endometriosis.

  5. BEING THIN: being underweight can also cause endometriosis.

  6. SMOKING: can predispose to development of endometriosis.

  7. ALCOHOL: consumption in large amount on regular basis can also trigger endometriosis.

  8. FAMILY HISTORY: of endometriosis can also be a factor.

  9. UTERINE ABNORMALITIES: which don’t trap the menstrual flow can also cause endometriosis due to inflammation.


  1. INFERTILITY: females with endometriosis have difficulty in conceiving. Endometriosis may obstruct the way of egg or sperm thus preventing fertilisation.

  2. OVARY CANCER: endometriosis may predispose to develop ovarian cancer at a higher rate than expectation.



  • PAINFUL PERIODS: mild cramping and pain is normal during periods but for a woman with endometriosis; pain is far worse and restrict her daily life works. The pain starts before the periods start and last for several days with pain in lower back.

  • PAINFUL SEXUAL INTERCOURSE: due to adhesions sexual intercourse is painful and pay may occur for quite some time after intercourse.

  • HEAVY PERIODS: heavy flow is seen during menses.

  • SPOTTING BETWEEN MENSES: may also be seen in some cases.

  • INFERTILITY: due to obstruction caused by endometriosis adhesions the egg and sperm fail to meet causing infertility.

  • REGULAR MENSTRUAL SYMPTOMS: nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue and bloating is also seen during menses.


  • BACK FLOW OF MENSTRUAL BLOOD: would cause sticking of endometrial cells to stick to the ovaries, Fallopian tubes or in pelvic cavity and they would grow there and bleed there.

  • TRANSFORMATION OF PERITONEAL TISSUES:  to endometrial tissues would cause endometriosis.

  • OESTROGEN: can trigger transformation of tissues in the foetus to endometrial tissues at abnormal places. Prolonged administration of oestrogen in adult life can also trigger the transformation.

  • SURGICAL SCAR: of hysterectomy or cesarean section may cause sticking of endometrial tissues to the scar causing endometriosis.



  • PELVIS EXAMINATION: uterus and surrounding structures are movable as the uterus hangs freely with support of ligaments but adhesions caused by endometriosis can cause restriction of mobility.

  • TRANSVAGINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY: would reveal adhesions and endometriomas (trapped secretions in a cyst).

  • MRI: would give more detailed information.

  • LAPAROSCOPY: is surgical procedure that allows visualisation of the abdomen thus would reveal the condition.


  • PAIN MANAGEMENT: is first line of treatment which is given by administering NSAIDS, painkillers etc.

  • HORMONE THERAPY: oral contraceptive pills would help in relieving pain but it would not treat the condition completely.

  • SURGERY: is done to remove tissues of endometriosis at abnormal sites.

  • HYSTERECTOMY: along with ovaries is done in rare cases.

  • HOMEOPATHY: is an alternative system of medicine which can help in permanent treatment of endometriosis very well.


  • HOT FOMENTATION: hot baths, hot water bag can help in relieving pain along with cramping.

  • REGULAR EXERCISE: can help in improving the symptoms over time.

  • HEALTHY DIET: would help in feeling healthy.

  • HOMEOPATHY: homeopathic medicines would help in permanent treatment of endometriosis.


There are several homeopathic medicines available which can treat the conditions permanently. Medicines like pulsatilla, natrum mur, sulphur, calcarea carb, tuberculinum, causticum etc act very well in managing the cases of endometriosis. But the medicines should be given only after the symptom study and constitutional study.



  • Do regular physical exercise.
  • Use hot water bag for pain.
  • Hot baths would also help in those days to feel better.
  • Take healthy diet


  • Don’t smoke.
  • Don’t take much alcohol.
  • Don’t stress out.




Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease affecting millions of people throughout the world. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint but it most commonly affects the weight bearing joints- hands, knees, hips, spine. In every joint there is a protective cartilage which prevents the two bones in the joints from coming in contact with each other. In osteoarthritis the protective cartilage wears down with age and exposes the bones in joint to each other causing rubbing. This rubbing causes pain and stiffness.

Osteoarthritis usually occurs in older age but can be seen in adults also. As there is degeneration in the bone, the disease is also known as degenerative joint disease and is a leading cause of disability is older people.


  1. AGE: age is an important risk factor as risk of developing OA increases with age.

  2. GENDER: female sex is more prone to development of OA.

  3. HEAVY WEIGHT: carrying extra weight would put more pressure on weight bearing joints like hip and knees, thus would increase risk of development of OA.

  4. GENES: family history of OA predisposes you more.

  5. OCCUPATION: certain job profiles are seen at higher risk which have repetitive pressure on a certain joint.

  6. INJURY TO THE JOINT: joint injuries received several years ago can cause degeneration in the joint years later.

  7. BONE DEFORMITIES: congenital deformities in bones or cartilage increases the risk of development of OA.


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and in advanced cases causes severe disability. People are not able to perform the daily chores and are sometimes confined to bed only.



Symptoms of OA develop gradually and are worse with age.

  • Pain during activity is the first symptom. The joint would start hurting when you would move.
  • Stiffness especially on getting up in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
  • Flexibility of the joint is also compromised and there is restriction of movement in the joint. The full range of motion is not possible.
  • Tinder joints when pressure is applied.
  • Spikes or extra bits of bones are felt on palpating the joints.
  • Grating sensation is felt by the patient while moving the joint or even the doctor while examination of the joint.


OA is caused when the protective cartilage covering the bones in a joint starts degenerating and the joints start to touch each other while moving. The pain and stiffness becomes severe enough to make daily tasks difficult. Some people have so severe symptoms that they are advised for joint replacement surgery.



  • On examination of the affected joint; tenderness, swelling, redness and grating are present with restriction in range of motion of the joint.
  • X-RAY AND MRI: are imaging techniques for visualisation of the joint. They would reveal loss of cartilage, narrowed joint space, bone spurs.
  • No blood test is available for diagnosing OA. But other causes for joint pain can be ruled out.
  • Joint fluid analysis would help in checking inflammation and other possible causes of joint problems.


Conventional treatment includes painkillers, NSAIDS for relieving pain.

For tenderness and stiffness physical exercises are advised. Also exercises help to improve the range of mobility of joint, improve the muscle strength.

Occupational therapy would help in managing daily activities so that the affected joint is not irritated much.

Joint replacement therapy is advised in much advanced cases.


  1. EXERCISE: regular exercise would help in strengthening the muscles of the joints and would make the joint more stable. This would help relieving pain, stiffness and tenderness. But don’t overdo the exercises as this may damage the joint.

  2. SWIMMING: swimming is a good option of stretching and would help in dealing with symptoms of OA.

  3. MANAGE WEIGHT: being overweight increases the pressure on weight bearing joints and would further damage the joints. Even a small amount of loss in weight would relieve pain in the joint.

  4. HEAT AND COLD PACKS: would help in relieving pain and stiffness.

  5. SUPPORT WHILE WALKING: a cane or any support would help in managing day to day tasks in easier way and would help in relieving pain as well.

  6. STAY ACTIVE: don’t rest for long in day as gap in activity would cause stiffness and pain. So stay active through the the day.

  7. HOMEOPATHY: homeopathy is a good way along with exercise to help with symptoms of OA without any side effects.


Homeopathic medicines have no side effects and would help in relieving pain and tenderness of the joints along with stiffness. Homeopathic medicines would help in improving the quality of life after OA develops. More so homeopathic medicines would stop the further exaggeration of the symptoms.

Many homeopathic medicines are there like ars alb, pulsatilla, colchicum, benzoin acid, ledum pal etc which would help in relieving symptoms of OA. But the medicines should never be taken without guidance of a registered homeopath.



  • Stay active.
  • Take healthy diet
  • Do regular physical exercise
  • Use support while walking
  • Manage weight within normal limits
  • Swimming is also very helpful.
  • Do stretching exercises
  • Use heat and cold packs


  • Don’t overdo while exercising
  • Don’t opt for unhealthy ways of weight loss
  • Don’t rest for longer intervals
  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t irritate the affected joint.




Cervical spondylosis is also known as osteoarthritis of cervical spine (neck). This is age related wear and tear of the discs, bones and joints of the neck. As the discs dehydrate and shrink with age, bony spicules start to appear along the edges of bones. Also the discs of cervical spine gradually break down and start losing fluid causing stiffness. Thus signs of osteoarthritis start to appear.


  1. AGE: cervical spondylosis is a normal part of aging. More than 85% of people older than age 60 years are affected by cervical spondylosis.

  2. SMOKING: is related to increased risk of development of neck pain.

  3. GENES: family history increases risk of development of neck pain.

  4. OCCUPATION: Cervical spondylosis is seen more in people who have computer jobs or jobs which require repetitive movement of neck.

  5. NECK INJURY: injuries to the neck in past predisposes to spondylosis also.


Due to compression of nerve or spinal cord in cervical spondylosis, there could be permanent damage as well.



Usually people experience no symptoms but when symptoms appear then they are pain and stiffness of neck. Further symptoms doesn’t appear unless there is nerve compression or there is narrowing of the space for spinal cord. If the nerve roots or spinal cord is compressed then there would be following symptoms:

  • Tingling along with numbness in arms, hands, legs or feet.
  • Weakness is also felt in arms, legs or feet due nerve compression.
  • Walking can also be impaired.
  • Lack of coordination.
  • Loss of bowel control or bladder control.


Due to aging, there is wear and tear of the cartilage and bones of the spine of neck. Due to this wear and tear there is dehydration of the disc which acts like cushion between vertebrae of the spine. Due to drying up go th cushiony disc there is bone to bone contact causing pain and stiffness.



  • Physical examination for checking the range of movement of neck, gait, reflexes and muscle strength.
  • NECK X-RAY: X-ray of neck would reveal bone growth (spurs).
  • CT SCAN: would give detailed image of the neck.


Conventional treatment includes pain relieving with NSAIDS, corticosteroids, muscle relaxants so that patient can be relieved with pain and stiffness.

Surgery can also be performed for removing the herniated disc or bone growth (spur).

Therapy can also be given which includes exercises to help stretch and strengthen the muscles of neck and shoulders. Traction can also be given to patients to help relieving symptoms of nerve compression.


  1. REGULAR EXERCISE:  by doing regular exercise there would be rapid recovery in the symptoms of stiffness and pain.

  2. IMPROVING THE POSTURE: people who have computer job should improve their posture while sitting at work and should take break after small intervals.

  3. HEAT OR ICE PACKS: would help in relieving pain and stiffness

  4. NECK SUPPORT: would help in giving rest to the neck muscles.


Since conventional medicines doesn’t provide full relief in symptoms and have side effects of their own, homeopathy is an alternative method of helping people having cervical spondylosis. Homeopathy would not only help in relieving the symptoms but would also help in catching the disease at the current situation.

Various medicines are available for cervical spondylosis like silicea, natrum mur, bryonia, pulsatilla etc which can be given for the condition but should be taken only when prescribed by a homeopath.



  • Exercise regularly.
  • Apply heat or cold pack.
  • Swimming would also help as it stretches the ligaments.
  • Do stretching regularly.
  • Do neck specific exercises.
  • Wear soft neck support.
  • Rectify your posture.


  • Don’t wait of exaggeration of symptoms.
  • Don’t strain on neck.
  • Don’t sit for long hours in front of computer.




Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which there is chronic inflammation of joints. The immune system attacks the lining of the joint causing inflammation and pain. Distal joints are usually involved and mostly symmetrically but this condition affects more than just joints like skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood vessels. There is painful swelling of the joints which eventually results in bone erosion and joint deformity.


  1. FEMALE GENDER: women are more predisposed to develop rheumatoid arthritis than men.

  2. AGE: rheumatoid arthritis mostly begins after 40’s.

  3. FAMILY HISTORY: genes have something to do with rheumatoid arthritis so if you have a family history of rheumatoid arthritis then you are also prone to develop it.

  4. OBESITY: overweight females are more prone to develop rheumatoid arthritis.

  5. SMOKING: cigarette smoking increases risk of development of many diseases including rheumatoid arthritis.


  1. OSTEOPOROSIS: rheumatoid arthritis weakens the bones and the bone mineral density goes very low. Due to low BMI there are increased chances of fracture.

  2. NODULE FORMATION: rheumatoid arthritis leads to formation of nodules in the areas affected which could be anywhere in the body.

  3. INFECTION: due to impaired immune system there are increased chances of development of many infections.

  4. DRY EYES AND MOUTH: people having rheumatoid arthritis are much more likely to develop Sjogren’s syndrome which decreases the amount of moisture in eyes and mouth.

  5. CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME: if wrist is involved then the inflammation can compress the nerve in the carpal tunnel.

  6. HEART PROBLEMS: the disease increases the risk of hardened blocked arteries as well as inflammation of the sac enclosing the heart.

  7. LUNG DISEASE: with rheumatoid arthritis there is increased risk of inflammation and scarring of the lung tissues leading to progressive shortness of breath sometimes.

  8. LYMPHOMA: lymphoma is a group of blood cancers of the lymph system.



In early stages rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect smaller joints first like the joints attaching fingers with hands and toes with feet. With advancement the disease spreads to wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips, shoulders which is usually symmetrical. There would be:

  • Tenderness in the joints affected
  • Swelling of the joint affected
  • Joint would be warm to touch
  • Stiffness of the joints which gets worse in the morning, after activity.
  • Fever, fatigue and also weight loss would be seen

Rheumatoid can progress to other parts of the body as well which are non-joint structures, like:

  • Eyes
  • Skin
  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Salivary glands
  • Bone marrow
  • Blood vessels
  • Nerve tissue

There are periods of flare ups alternating with periods of comfort when the swelling and pain fade or disappear. Thus signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may vary in severity and tend to appear and disappear.


Synovium is the lining of the membranes that surrounds the joints and when the immune system starts to attack them taking as a foreign thing, there is inflammation of the synovium. This inflammation would cause swelling and tenderness which gradually destroys the cartilage and bone inside the synovium.

Due to gradual weakening and stretching of the tendons and ligaments, the joint loses its alignment which would distort the shape as well.

There is just genetic susceptibility which can make someone prone to certain infections that may trigger the disease but there is no specific explanation which can testify why the process starts.


Rheumatoid arthritis is hard to diagnose in early stages as there are many diseases with same set of symptoms and no blood test or physical findings can confirm the diagnosis. Although swelling, redness and warmth of joints on examination may hint towards the disease.

Elevated ESR or CRP may indicate presence of inflammation in the body.


As per the conventional treatment there is no cure of the disease but management can be done by:

  • MEDICATION: including NSAIDS, steroids, disease modifying antirheumatic drugs but side effects of these medicines are very high and will damage liver, bone marrow and lungs.

  • THERAPY: includes exercises which improve joint mobility and flexibility. The therapist would teach the ways of handling household chores which would help in relaxation of the sore joints by not putting much pressure on them as the condition could become much worse if the sore joint is irritated further

  • SURGERY: surgery is also advised to repair the damaged joints by removing the synovium; the lining attacked and inflamed by the immune system, by repairing the tendon of the joint, by realigning the joints and by replacement of the joint as well.

But all these conventional treatment don’t remove the disease or heal it but have side effects as well.


Here are few tips and tricks that can help you manage the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis:

  • EXERCISE REGULARLY: gentle exercise should be done which would improve the strength of the muscles around the joints but exercises should always be done after checking with your doctor. Start with mild walk initially and don’t irritate the tender, inflamed joints ( avoid exercises involving these joints). You can do swimming and water aerobics as well.

  • RELAXATION: try to relax by meditation so that you can cope the stress in your life which would trigger more pain.

  • HOT AND COLD PACKS: hot packs would help easing the pain and tenderness while cold due to numbing effect would decrease muscle spasm and decrease pain as well.

  • DON’T PUSH YOURSELF TOO MUCH: it’s very important to know what can harm you so don’t push yourself in unnecessary trouble. Take rest when you are tired, afternoon naps would also help. If you have pain and tenderness, then stop exercising further. Increase your limit slowly.

  • HOMEOPATHY: homeopathic medicines have no side effects. The medicines would not only help you to overcome the pain but would also help with tenderness. The homeopathic medicines would catch the disease in early stage and would stop the advancement.


Homeopathic system is an alternative system for almost all kinds of diseases. The medicines have no side effects. The medicines are given on the basis of symptoms and constitution of the patient.

In rheumatoid arthritis the homeopathic medicines would help to get rid of symptoms without any side effects. The medicines would control the disease on the presenting situation only and would not let it grow further thus help preventing the joint deformity. Since there are no side effects the patient can use the medicines for longer duration.

Homeopathy with exercise would help in the best possible and harmless treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Few homeopathic medicines are calcarea carb, bryonia, sulphur, pulsatilla, natrum mur, benzoin acid, ledum pal, tuberculinum, hepar sulph, actea spicata, rhus tox etc.

But these medicines should always be taken only when prescribed by the homeopathic doctor as self medication is harmful.



  • Exercise regularly under guidance of the expert
  • Use hot and cold packs
  • Don’t take stress
  • Manage your household chores as per your condition.
  • Relax and take rest at regular intervals.
  • Prepare your symptom charts in the flare up times.
  • Stay active.
  • Take healthy diet.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.


  • Don’t overstretch yourself.
  • Don’t put pressure on the inflamed joints.
  • Don’t be sedentary.
  • Don’t ignore the symptoms.