HOMEOPATHY & ALLERGIC RHINITIS!!

WHAT IS ALLERGIC RHINITIS?


Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever is inflammation of the nasal membrane which is caused by reaction of the immune system to the allergens present in the atmosphere such as dust, animal dander or pollen. Sometime allergy to certain food items can also be seen.

Allergic rhinitis is usually seen at change of seasons as there is lot of pollen in the atmosphere.


TYPES OF ALLERGIC RHINITIS:


Seasonal (hay fever): symptoms are seasonal and are seen in spring, summer and early winters. The allergens are pollens or molds. Pollen iS a fine powder which comes from stamen of the flowering plants.


Perennial: people having this type of allergy experience symptoms year-round. They are allergic to dust mites, pet hair,  animal dander, cockroaches, molds. Food allergies rarely cause rhinitis symptoms.


TRIGGERS FOR ALLERGIC RHINITIS:


  • Pollens from grass, trees and weeds
  • Pet hair or dander
  • Dust mites and mold
  • Irritants, such as cigarette smoke, perfume and diesel exhaust
  • Cold temperature
  • Sudden change of temperature
  • Air pollution and fumes

RISK FACTORS FOR ALLERGIC RHINITIS:


  • Family history of allergic rhinitis
  • Eczema
  • Food allergies
  • Asthma
  • highly sanitized living conditions and reduced exposure to diverse allergens

Repeated exposure to

  • Seed dust
  • Wood dust
  • Animal dander
  • Textile dust
  • Chemicals
  • Rubber latex
  • Certain foods and spices
  • Storage mites
  • Odors and fumes (such as smoking or air pollution)

COMPLICATIONS OF ALLERGIC RHINITIS:


  • Sleep loss
  • Daytime fatigue
  • Learning impairment
  • Decreased overall cognitive functioning
  • Decreased long-term productivity
  • Decreased quality of life
  • Acute and chronic sinusitis
  • Recurrence of nasal polyps
  • Otitis media/otitis media with effusion
  • Hearing impairment
  • Abnormal craniofacial development
  • Sleep apnea and related complications
  • Aggravation of underlying asthma
  • Increased propensity to develop asthma

SYMPTOMS & CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Runny nose and nasal congestion
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Itchy nose, ears, or throat
  • Sinus pressure
  • Headache
  • Sneezing
  • Dark circles under your eyes—allergic shiners
  • Postnasal drip
  • Fatigue due to poor disturbed sleep
  • Decreased sense of smell and taste
  • Chronic cough
  • Stuffy nose due to blockage or congestion
  • Eczema

CAUSES


Allergic rhinitis is caused by release of histamine when there is exposure to any allergen such as pollen. Histamine is a natural defence of the body to prevent against the allergens.


DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT


  • Detailed history with appropriate symptoms
  • Skin prick or scratch test: in this test tiny amount of possible allergen in pricked or scratched in the outer layer of skin and a small red bump shows positive results.
  • Intradermal administration of allergen can show more reliable result.

TREATMENT


The conventional treatment for allergic rhinitis includes antihistamines, decongestants, eye drops, steroids, nasal steroid sprays and even allergy shots etc are given which do give temporary relief by suppressing the symptoms but have many side effects.


MANAGEMENT


  • Advice on avoiding the allergen should be given so that the symptoms are not triggered at first hand.
  • The patient should be advised to stay more indoors in peak season for pollens.
  • Pollen masks should be advised.
  • Wash hands and cleanup after staying with the pets.
  • Mopping should be done with wet mop directly as dry dusting and mopping would aggravate the symptoms.
  • Dehumidifiers would help people allergic in damp conditions.
  • Breathing exercises would help improving the symptoms.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Homeopathic medicines are very well known to help the issues related to allergies. Allergic rhinitis can be taken care off with homeopathic medicines permanently and without any side effects. There are many medicines which can give relief instantly. Since there are no side effects of the medicines anyone can take them and get relieved from the symptoms without any steroids.


DO’s And DON’Ts


DO’s


  • Stay indoors when pollen counts are high.
  • Take showers immediately after being outside.
  • Keep your windows and doors shut as frequently as possible during allergy season.
  • Keep your mouth and nose covered while performing yard work.
  • Bathe your dog at least twice per week to minimize dander.
  • Remove carpeting from your bedroom if you’re concerned about dust mites.
  • Eat healthy diet.
  • Keep yourself hydrated.

DON’Ts


  • Avoid exercising outdoors early in the morning.
  • Try not to rake leaves or mow the lawn.
  • Don’t rub your eyes.

 

 

 

 

ADENOIDS & YOUR CHILD!!

WHAT ARE ADENOIDS?


Adenoids are a patch of tissues that are at the back of nasal cavity which trap germs from entering the body to prevent infection. Adenoids sometimes get enlarged as they trap germs to prevent infection. Enlarged tonsils can be seen easily by opening the mouth but enlarged adenoids can’t be seen. Since frequent throat infections can cause enlarged adenoids; they can obstruct breathing and block the eustachian tube ( which connect the middle ear to throat) which can cause recurrent ear infection.

Risk factors for Adenoids:

Certain risk factors can predispose to adenoiditis and thus enlarged adenoids:

  • Recurrent throat infection
  • Recurrent tonsillitis.
  • If you are frequently exposed to germs and microbes.

Complications of enlarged adenoids:


  • Ear infection: Due to blocked eustachian tube there are increased chances of recurrent ear infection.
  • Clogged ears: sometimes mucus buildup may clog the ear causing difficulty in hearing.
  • Sinusitis: the infection may also infect the sinus cavity and cause sinusitis.
  • Chest infection: the infection may travel to the chest in children and may cause chest congestion.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Mouth breathing as breathing through nose is difficult.
  • Snoring.
  • Sleep apnea which is periodic lapse of breathing during sleep.

SYMPTOMS & CAUSES

SYMPTOMS

  • Ear infection
  • Habitual mouth breathing.
  • Blocked nose.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Nasal tone in speech.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • snoring.

CAUSES

Adenoiditis is caused by bacterial infection usually streptococcus but it can be caused by a number of viruses as well such as Epstein-barr virus, adenovirus and rhinovirus.


DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT

  • Physical examination by ENT.
  • Throat examination using swabs for bacterias and other microorganisms.
  • Blood test.
  • Xray of head to determine the size of adenoids.

TREATMENT

Usually antibiotics do help but cases where antibiotics don’t help adenoids are removed. But homeopathic medicines are better option to replace the need for antibiotics and surgery.


MANAGEMENT

  • Healthy diet with curd will help the case to maintain immunity.
  • Plenty of fluids.
  • Maintain hygiene.
  • Ask the child to wash hands frequently.
  • Avoid cold water and things.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT

Homeopathic medicines work like magic in cases of adenoids which are hard to treat and require surgery.

The medicine would not only take care of the swollen adenoids but would also boost the immunity of the child thus curing the case and removing the symptoms permanently without any antibiotic or surgery.

But medicines should always be prescribed by a registered homeopath only after thorough analysis of the case.


DO’s And DON’Ts


DO’s


  • Healthy diet with full of nutrients and natural probiotics.
  • Plenty of fluids.
  • Wash hands frequently.
  • Maintain hygiene.

DON’Ts

  • Avoid cold water.
  • Avoid exposure to germs and microbes.

 

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

WHAT IS OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER?


OCD is an anxiety disorder in which people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, unwanted sensations which are difficult to control and drive them to do something compulsively ( repeat something). These recurring thoughts make them feel anxious all the time and hamper their normal life. The obsessions may vary and can be seen in following forms:


  • Cleanliness: people have phobia of contamination and so they wash their hands repeatedly, clean the house again and again.

  • Order: in this type there is obsession for symmetry and order. If they look at something which is not in order; they get anxious and can’t control themselves till they don’t make them in order.

  • Counting: in this people count their objects and things which are encountered in their daily life repeatedly. If the count is lost then they would start fresh again. They can’t just let it go. For example- number of steps in a staircase, number of lights etc.

  • Hoarding: some people just can’t dump anything; even if they are waste in their life and are of no use. They keep old stuff which are of no apparent use.

  • Locks and doors: in this type people repeatedly check the locks and doors of the house; might be because of fear of safety and they would go and check the doors again and again.

The repetitive behaviours such as washing hands, counting things, cleaning things, checking on things can interfere with normal life of the person.


WHAT CAUSES OCD?

Although the exact cause of OCD is not known but following are a few known factors:

  • Genetic factors: sometimes children of parents who have OCD can also have the issue.

  • Biological/neurological factors: chemical imbalance of serotonin in the brain can also trigger obsessive thoughts.

  • Life changes:  major life changes can also trigger OCD. Sometimes, major life changes such as a new job or the birth of a child thrust more responsibility on a person. the person starts getting recurrent thoughts.

  • Behavioural factors: People who are extremely organised, neat, meticulous and those who like to be in charge from a young age, sometimes run the risk of developing OCD.

  • Personal experience: A person who has experienced severe trauma is likely to be affected with OCD. For instance, contracting a severe rash by touching rat poison in the house, can lead to hand-washing compulsions.   

MANAGEMENT OF OCD


OCD can get better with treatment. Cognitive behavioural therapy do help the patient to feel better in the symptoms. Homeopathic treatment is also very effective in treatment of OCD.